Child Protection

Special Protection

Prevention of Child Abuse

 

Prevention of Child Abuse

© UNICEF/RD/2006/E. Martínez

Article 19 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child establishes that the State is obliged to protect children from all types of abuse by parents or any other person responsible for their care, and to establish preventive measures and provide treatment for this problem.
Nineteen years after the unanimous approval of the Convention on the Rights of the Child there is still a great deal left to do in order to ensure that children and adolescents are protected from all types of violence. Although we have made some progress in the legal framework and have lots of examples of positive initiatives, efforts at responding to violence against children in Latin America have been very tentative, despite the fact that this is currently one of the greatest concerns in the region.

In the Dominican Republic, Law 136-03, also known as the “Code for the Protection System of the Basic Rights of Children and Adolescents”, provides the legal framework for protecting minors.

April was declared Child Abuse Prevention Month by Presidential decree no. 98-98 signed by President Leonel Fernández on 11th March 1998.
 
Physical and emotional violence
This type of violence is exercised by adults with the intention of imposing discipline, in order to correct or change undesirable behaviour and replace it with socially acceptable behaviour that adults believe to be important for children and adolescents’ development. It is a use of force that results in physical or emotional pain to the person affected.

Child abuse
These are the actions or omissions intended to cause immediate pain to the person affected. The aggressor intends to cause pain as the main aim of his/her aggression. It leads to a syndrome in the victim who survives, known as child abuse syndrome. There are three main types of child abuse: physical, emotional and psychological or through negligence and abandonment. These types of abuse lead to indelible physical and emotional scars, death or other serious harm.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of children
This is the use of children and adolescents for the sexual satisfaction of adults in exchange for remuneration in money or in kind, paid to the child or to third parties. It is a form of coercion and violence against children that is considered to be a modern equivalent of slavery. More Information

 

 
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