MEASLES IMMUNIZATION COVERAGE HAS INCREASED STEADILY SINCE 1990 IN 47 PRIORITY COUNTRIES AND WORLDWIDE
Trends in first-dose coverage of measles-containing vaccine (MCV; 1990-2006)
MDG indicator: Proportion of one-year-old children immunized against measles
World Fit for Children target: Reduce deaths due to measles by half by 2005
The combination of improved routine measles immunization coverage and follow-up campaigns providing a second opportunity for children to be immunized has led to a steep reduction in the number of measles deaths: by 60 per cent worldwide and by 75 per cent in sub-Saharan Africa between 1999 and 2005. Thus, the World Fit for Children target has been met. The challenge now lies in reducing measles mortality by 90 per cent by 2010, a goal established by UNICEF and the World Health Organization.
Measles is one of the leading causes of vaccine-preventable child mortality, with 95 per cent of deaths occurring in 47 countries. Two doses of measles vaccine effectively protect children against the disease.
World Fit for Children targets include the immunization of all children against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus, polio and maternal/neonatal tetanus – as well as providing access to new vaccines. Globally, coverage of the third dose of combined diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus vaccine (DPT3) remains level, at around 79 per cent, and 80 per cent of newborns are protected against tetanus. Targets for eliminating maternal/neonatal tetanus and certifying the global eradication of polio by 2005 were not met.
SINCE 1990, MOST COUNTRIES HAVE BEGUN IMMUNIZING AGAINST HEPATITIS B (HepB) AND HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE TYPE B (Hib)
Number of countries that have introduced HepB and Hib into infant immunization schedules, with global percentage of target population reached with three doses of HepB vaccine (1990-2006)
IN 2006, 42 OF 47 PRIORITY COUNTRIES WHERE MOST MEASLES DEATHS OCCUR COMPLETED SUPPLEMENTARY IMMUNIZATION ACTIVITIES
Only five priority countries did not offer measles supplementary immunization activities nationwide
OF THE WORLD’S 26 MILLION CHILDREN NOT IMMUNIZED WITH DPT3, 20 MILLION LIVE IN 10 COUNTRIES
Number of children not immunized with DPT3 (2006)
MEASLES IMMUNIZATION COVERAGE ROSE IN NEARLY EVERY REGION FROM 1990 TO 2006
NUMBER OF POLIO CASES HAS DECLINED DRAMATICALLY SINCE 1990