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Baby-Friendly Hospital Initative

International Code of Marketing

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Key Publications and Links

Key publications and links

A woman smiles at her breastfeeding baby at the International Peace Maternity and Child Hospital, Shanghai, China.








La Leche League, International

International Lactation Consultants Association

Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners

UNICEF publications available online

Innocenti Declaration

The challenge

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Facts for Life 2002

Breastfeeding: foundation for a healthy future.

Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative Part II, or Global Criteria


Breastfeeding Papers of the Month (bibliography)

Other publications available online

WHO. Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding

Operational Guidance for Emergency Relief Staff and Programme Managers.

ILO. Maternity Protection Convention 2000, no 183, and Recommendation 191.

International Code and Resolutions

Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women.

Demographic and Health Surveys.

Recommended additional publications

Data on breastfeeding

Haggerty PA, Rutstein SO. Breastfeeding and complementary infant feeding and the postpartum effects of breastfeeding. DHS Comparative Studies No. 30. Calverton MD: Macro International, 1999.

Training courses

UNICEF/IBFAN. Training Guide in Lactation Management. (Sometimes called the 80-hour course). Available in most UN languages from IBFAN and UNICEF offices.

UNICEF/WHO. Breastfeeding Management and Promotion in a Baby-Friendly Hospital: an 18-hour course for maternity staff. Available in all UN and many national languages, from UNICEF and WHO offices and national breastfeeding authorities.

WHO/UNICEF. Breastfeeding Counselling: a training course (Sometimes called the 40-hour course). Available in several languages from WHO and UNICEF offices.

WHO/UNAIDS/UNICEF. HIV and Infant Feeding Counselling: a training course. A three-day course intended to follow and supplement the Breastfeeding Counselling course, where appropriate. Available from WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF offices.

Advocacy for International Code of Marketing

Sokol, E. (1997) The Code Handbook: A Guide to Implementing the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes, Penang: International Code Documentation Centre/International Baby Food Action Network

Protecting Infant Health: A Health Workers' Guide to the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes, 9th Edition, (1999) Penang: International Code Documentation Centre/International Baby Food Action Network

Complying with the Code? A Manufacturers' and Distributors' Guide to the Code, (1998), Penang: International Code Documentation Centre/International Baby Food Action Network Breaking the Rules, Stretching the Riles 2001: Evidence of Violations of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes and subsequent Resolutions, (2001), International Code Documentation Centre/International Baby Food Action Network (available at: http://www.ibfan.org/english/codewatch/btr01/MAIN-en.HTM)

Above publications available from:


P.O. Box 19 10700

Penang, Malaysia

Fax: +60-4-6577291

E-mail: ibfanpg@tm.net.my

Schubber, S. (1998) The International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes: An International Measure to Protect and Promote Breast-Feeding, The Hague/London/Boston: Kluwer Law International Richter, J. (2001) Holding Corporations Accountable: Corporate Conduct, International Codes, and Citizen Action, London, Zed Books Lt