Who was surveyed
The 15,200 respondents were:
- Children (those aged between 9 and 13-years-old) and young people
(those aged between 14 and 17-years-old).
- Of both sexes (boys and girls).
- Living in rural or urban areas. (This was based on population
densities, however some countries used the official national definition,
such as level of agriculture.)
- Across all the regions of the 35 countries and the UN-administered
Province of Kosovo. The regions were based on the geographic/administrative
demarcations specific for each of the countries.
- From the entire spectrum of socio-economic groups - higher,
middle and lower.
These variables were not only considered individually, they were
often combined in different ways to ensure a representative sample
for each country. For example, variables that were "crossed"
- AGE and GENDER: within each of the age groups defined (9 to
13 years and 14 to 17 years), boys and girls were distributed
just as they are in their national populations.
- REGION and AREA: within each sub-national region, urban and
rural areas were distributed as they are in each country's statistics.
Other demographic indicators were registered as responses and considered
in the analysis of the results, but not adjusted according to their
- Whether children were undertaking paid work ranging from working
full time, having a regular job, an occasional job or not working
- The number of people in the household
- The number of children under 18 in the household
- The family situation in which the child lives - with both parents,
with only a father or a mother, or with neither parent
In addition to using all these variables to ensure a representative
picture at the country level, official population/census figures
were factored in to establish comparable results across the sub-regions.
A specific weight was given to each country reflecting the proportion
of its children in the total child population of all countries surveyed.
This information is provided as a contribution to
discussion on important issues affecting children. UNICEF Regional
offices conducted the polls, analysis and interpretations of the
findings. For more information, please contact the regional
poll contact person directly.