Protección de los niños, niñas y adolescentes

Protection of children and adolescents

Protección de los niños y adolescentes

Derecho al nombre

Violencia y maltrato infantil


Comisión Nacional por los Derechos del Niño


The Right to a Name


Every boy and girl should have the right to an official identity, to be registered via a birth certificate. Each one also has the right to possess a nationality, to know his or her parents and to be cared for. Without an official registration at birth or without identity documentation, children may be excluded from their right to access fundamental services such as education, health and social security services. Furthermore, without proper documents, boys and girls are not represented in official statistics. Consequently, it is hard to analyse and understand the situation of children in Peru.

On the 30th of June 2014, the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (RENIEC) recorded that 3 391 854 children between the age of 0 and 5 years old had a National Identity Card (NIC). Out of them, 1 729 421 were boys and 1 662 433 were girls. Overall, the number of registered children under the age of six has increased by 95.6%. Nevertheless, there are regions, especially in the Amazon, where more than 10% of children still do not have official documentation.

The unregistered children tend to be overlooked at in the social development planning. They are completely invisible when it comes to taking important political and budgetary decisions. Without an efficient birth registration system, a country cannot even know with precision its birth and death rate. The birth certificate is the most visible proof of the legal recognition by the government of the existence of a child as a member of society.

Preventing a child from knowing who he or she is and where he or she is from will affect one’s life forever. It is fanciful to believe that while one cannot appear in the national statistics, he or she can still think, feel, reason and demand. A human being who is not officially registered by the RENIEC, nevertheless has the right to live with dignity.

Recognizing the actual problem with the lack of registration of newborn babies in the remote regions of Peru, the Management of Restitution of Identify and Social Support (GRIAS), which is part of the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (RENIEC), has prioritized a strategy for birth registration and the allocation of national identity documentation in indigenous communities in 2013.


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