Situación del país

Contexto

Situación de la niñez

Primera Infancia (Desde la concepción-5 años)

Niñez (6 a 11 años)

Adolescencia (12 a 17 años)

Educación primaria

25 años de Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño

 

Context

context
© W.Barbarán/UNICEF-PERÚ

Peru is a multilingual and ethnically diverse country. Indigenous children account for 15.7% of the population. Of these children, 78% come from homes living in poverty, while 45% live in extreme poverty. Among this group, indigenous children whose first language is an Amazonian language have fewer resources and are at a greater disadvantage. They suffer higher levels of mortality, malnutrition, and anaemia. They also have more limited access to sources of safe water, education, and the timely registration of their births.

In 2016, positive trends continued in the key indicators for children. One example is that of chronic malnutrition, which dropped to 13.1% by 2016. This improvement goes hand in hand with the higher percentages of exclusive maternal breastfeeding: from 62.5% in 2015 to 69.8 in 2016. However, the percentages of anaemia remain around 43%.

The newborn mortality rate has decreased significantly in rural areas since 2000, from 31 to 14 per thousand live births. All of this coincides with better access to institutional childbirth and prenatal care. Although the rates have improved, it is still necessary to reinforce education on basic care for newborns.

The indicators for access to education are revealing. Access to preschool education by children between the ages of 3 and 5 has grown to 89.8% in 2016; access to primary school (children between the ages of 6 and 11) is 93.8%, and secondary school (ages of 12 to 16) is 83.6%, but this percentage is 79.2% when refering to indigenous children. The gap between rural and urban areas continues to be significant: 5.7% higher in the case of the latter group. (Escale 2016)

The percentage of children without a birth certificate has been reduced, but remains high among children from Amazonian regions, and even higher among those who live in rural Amazonian regions.

In early 2016, the country was struck by natural disasters such as floods, which affected children, adolescents and their families, mostly in the northern regions of Peruvian coast.

 

 
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