Earthquake Emergency Response Information Sheets
UNICEF Pakistan Support to Recovery and Rehabilitation of Basic Social Services for the Earthquake-Affected Population 2007-2008
Pakistan suffered its worst ever natural disaster on the morning of 8 October, 2005 when an earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale struck a mountainous area of 28,000 square kilometres of Pakistan’s North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). The death toll was estimated at 73,000 of which around 17,000 were school students. Around 3.5 million persons were left homeless, of which at least 60 per cent were women and children. Approximately 42,000 children were orphaned, 23,000 children were disabled and an estimated 17,300 women were widowed. Health facilities, water and sanitation schemes, schools, roads, communication systems and public offices were destroyed and agricultural land, livestock and forests were partially or fully lost. The disaster hit children and women particularly hard as many schools had just started morning classes and women were inside their homes when buildings collapsed.
UNICEF was part of the UN consolidated response and was tasked ‘to ensure the survival of children in the affected areas through health and nutritional care, provision of safe drinking water and sanitation, while restoring normalcy to their lives through education, recreation, rehabilitation, reunification and psycho-social support.’ It acted swiftly to join Government and other partner efforts and led the Water and Sanitation, Protection and Education Clusters and the sub-cluster on Nutrition.
Click the links below, to read UNICEF Emergency Response Information Sheets:
WATER, ENVIRONMENT AND SANITATION