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Regional Workshop on the Sentinel Site Monitoring – Recovery with the Human Face

Objectives of Workshop

1. Learn the outcome of 1st round data collection, Revisit and reassure the concept of sentinel site monitoring, and reflect on the Monitoring Framework, methodology and process of implementation.

2. Obtain better understanding of the rationale behind the questions being asked, linkage with monitoring indicators and acquire better skill to obtain quality response.

3. Provide country participants an opportunity to learn DevInfo EmergencyInfo module and apply DevInfo technology to the Sentinel site monitoring to expedite the process between data collection and dissemination.
Community Based Data & Policy linkage (2 days): Share results and lessons learnt from the 1st round of sentinel site data collection initiative and other monitoring initiatives, which will encourage south-south learning. Particular gap in existing data collection system (e.g. HIS, EMIS and HH surveys) and its utility in using those data for monitoring for the vulnerable will be discussed. Lessons learnt from other part of the Asia and Pacific region where Community based monitoring is developed will be shared. A recent development related to Global Impact Vulnerability Alert System (GIVAS) will be also touched upon to stimulate discussion. Learning from initiative elsewhere will allow forward planning on where governments would like to be in 5-10 years with ideas for various model of institutionalization of real-time vulnerability monitoring with community participation. Empowerment of the community as component of community based monitoring will also be emphasized and its application in the Pacific will be discussed.

Lessons and good practice from other Asia-Pacific region (e.g. Indonesia, Philippines, Nepal) will also assist how the sentinel site data can inform the policy decisions and actions taken by the government to protect the vulnerable in country, particularly in respect to assisting further recovery from the current crisis and prepare for the future shocks. Participants will have opportunity to discuss the plan to strengthen the linkage between data and policy action and present each other for peer-review.

In this session, the government and development partners will learn the first hand results from the sentinel site initiative and revisit the concept of sentinel site reflecting upon other forms of community based monitoring developed in Asia and Pacific region. The participants will also reflect on the methodology, scope of monitoring framework, and the process of implementation for better future application. The deliverables of the two days will be; draft revised Sentinel Site Monitoring Framework and medium-term sentinel site monitoring country plans taking into account the statistical development planned and partnership opportunities exists in country.

2nd round Sentinel site monitoring planning (3 days): The six sentinel sites PICs will also discuss the technical aspect of the roll-out for 2nd round. First, based on the 2 day discussion and reflection on the sentinel site concept and M&E Framework, the participants will revisit the questionnaires used during 1st round and agree on the revision to be made. Participants will go through the questionnaires (Household Pulse Survey and Facility Based Survey, Key Informant Interviews and Focus Group Discussion) and fully understand the linkage between questions asked and the indicators in the M&E framework. Secondly, once participants have better grasp of linkage between these tools, they will be introduced with the DevInfo Desktop Data capture modules to acquire skills to formulate Household Pulse Survey and Facility Based Survey (two of tools) and revise the GEC questionnaire using DevInfo software after quick overview of the range of tools available in DevInfo to assist the community based data collection in the future. DevInfo Support Group from India/Bangkok and other regional resource persons (e.g. UNICEF, UNFPA, UNDP) will assist in this hands-on training exercise. The participants will also be trained how to enter the data, how to import the entered data into DevInfo database, and conduct the analysis to get the first-hand results. The exercise will demonstrate how this tool can improve the response time across data collection, collation and analysis. Thirdly, participants will have opportunity to improve practical skills to apply during the Focus Group Discussion including human interest story mining technique. Resource team composing USP researcher and UN communication team will support this process. Lastly ,the participants will formulate/revise micro-plan for 2010 (ready for NSC endorsement) sentinel site collection including data retrieval and key informant interviews at the national level alongside the community data collection using Facility based survey, Household pulse survey and Focus Group Discussion. The plans will be peer-reviewed among the sentinel site countries. The budget for 2nd round will also be formulated if not already responding to the micro-plan. Deliverable from the day 3-5 workshop will be; the revised operational questionnaire for 2nd round, DevInfo questionnaire and database template ready for data entry and transfer, and Micro-plan for 2nd round.

Sentinel site countries (6-8: Fiji, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, RMI, FSM*): Four officials representing the capacity of;
1. National Steering Committee chair
2. National Steering Committee member (MOH or MOE)
3. Sentinel site monitoring coordinator (national consultant)
4. Lead enumerator (*RMI and FSM plan to commence the sentinel site initiative this year)

Representative(s) from National Statistics Office/Bureau of Statistics office must form a part of the above representation.

Donors and Developing Partners: Donors, UN agencies, Regional Institution, NGOs and CBOs, particularly those who are actively involved in the National Steering Committee, are also encouraged to participate in the workshop. (cost not covered)

It is anticipated that National/Government Statistician, sentinel site monitoring coordinator and active members of National Steering Committee members will participate for full five days while social policy makers may attend only the first two days (unless they have strong interest in learning DevInfo and learning methodology of data collection).
Follow-up Regional Forum for comments (planned 2011 depending on funding)

For your information, after the 2nd round implementation (and 1st round implementation in Fiji) in the sentinel site countries in July, UN together with other development partners wish to support the PIC governments to share lessons learnt from the early implementation of social protection measures (e.g. Fiji bus voucher, FAS allowance reform with WB, IRD initiative, Vanuatu & SI school fee free policy, Cook Is. Social protection mechanism) as well as progress and results from the 2nd round sentinel site monitoring. This 2nd regional forum will have focus on what achievement made in the policy action to protect vulnerable and how existing budgeting and data system help policy maker prioritize on the right issues.

Findings from AusAID and ADB supported social protection research will be presented (TBC). Countries are also encouraged to present the on-going partnership with Business community and NGOs in the context of serving remote communities with equal access to information, credit and opportunities for growth. (e.g. financial literacy and micro-finance scheme, mobile rural banking and I-Parsa) Specific challenges and capacity constraints will be discussed alongside the ways to address those in the short – and medium-term. Results-based management and Human Rights Based Management is also touched in the context of developing a better understanding on the link with social budgeting, costing, social protection and delivering results for the most vulnerable. Participants are also requested to present the country’s budget process and given an opportunity to think the application of social budgeting concept during the exercise.

During this next regional forum, the government and development partners will ask and respond to the questions if the governments are prioritizing the “right” issues and if we are “delivering them the best way possible”.

Below are publications and documents related to the workshop

ADB Economic monitor- social budget

The economic slowdown triggered by the global economic crisis has added to hardship in the Pacific. Broad estimates suggest the drop in incomes is likely to see an additional 50,000 Pacific Islanders living below the poverty line by the end of 2010 (see ‘Rising Hardship’ in the November 2009 Monitor).


Social Protection in the Pacific – A Review of its Adequacy and Role in Addressing Poverty

Pacific Island Countries (PICs) are diverse geographically, economically, and culturally. Yet, they are tied together by a common vulnerability to economic and natural crises as well as rising levels of poverty and urbanisation.

(PDF documents require Acrobat Reader to view.)

Social Security Spending

This article investigates the link between social security spending and financial crises. In doing so, the article answers two questions: what are the trends in social security spending in the aftermath of a financial crisis, and what
factors can possibly explain these changes?

(PDF documents require Acrobat Reader to view.)


This study provides an analysis of child poverty and disparities in child well-being in Vanuatu.  There are a number of important earlier studies of poverty in Vanuatu (for example, the 2008 report by the VNSO, ADB, and UNDP), but this is the first study to focus on poverty among children. 


Voices of the Vulnerable in the Pacific - Summary Note

Poverty in the Pacific Islands context does not generally mean hunger or destitution, but rather means“an inadequate level of sustainable human development which includes lack of access to basic services,
lack of opportunities to participate in the socioeconomic life of the community...


(PDF documents require Acrobat Reader to view.)

Voices of the Vulnerable, The economic Crisis from the ground up

This report summarizes analysis and information that the United Nations family and its partners have produced over the past year regarding the socio-economic impacts of the crisis on poor and vulnerable individuals and households.






Administrative Notice


(PDF documents require Acrobat Reader to view.)

Opening Statement by Ms Danielle Willis, Child Delegate from Palau, 10th February 2010, Port Vila, Vanuatu

Youth Pre-Conference to the Pacific Conference on the Human Face of the Global Economic Crisis 8 - 9 February 2010 Outcome Statement by Pacific Youth Delegates


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