Millennium Development Goals


Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

© UNICEF oPt/2007

Poverty has been on the rise in oPt in recent years. For example, 35 per cent lived in deep poverty in Gaza in 2006, compared with 21 per cent in 1999. The increase in deep poverty in the West Bank has been lower, but remains significant at nearly 14 per cent. As a consequence, household food insecurity is rising: a survey in 2008 showed that 75 per cent of households have cut back on the food they buy, and 89 per cent have reduced quality. Gazans spent two-thirds of earned income on food, compared with 56 per cent in the West Bank.

These trends are negatively impacting children's nutritional status. One in 10 children is stunted, up from 7.2 per cent a decade ago.  A UNICEF / Ard El Insan rapid nutrition survey conducted in three Gaza districts in April 2008 linked malnutrition to poverty, coupled with decreased quantity and quality of food intake. The survey showed that 2.5 per cent of children were underweight, 10.3 per cent of children were stunted, 2.4 per cent were wasted and 3.4 per cent were either moderately or severely malnourished. Also, some 29 per cent of pregnant women and 61.6 per cent of 9-12 month-olds were anaemic, up from 23.7 per cent in 2002. 



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