06 June 2022

Frequently asked questions and answers on COVID-19 vaccination

We've compiled the latest expert information to answer some of the most frequently asked questions regarding COVID-19 vaccines. Keep checking back as additional information becomes available., Are COVID-19 Vaccines safe?, Yes, all vaccines in the country are safe for use. Before a vaccine is certified for use, it must receive approval and authorization from the World Health Organization (WHO). In Nigeria, in addition to WHO approval and authorization, the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) certifies all vaccines including COVID-19…, How do COVID-19 vaccines work?, COVID-19 vaccines trigger the immune system to recognize the invading virus which leads to the production of antibodies to fight the virus., How many doses of COVID-19 vaccines do I need to be fully protected?, Most brands of COVID-19 vaccine require two doses of varying intervals between the doses for full protection. Moderna is two doses, four weeks apart; Oxford/AstraZeneca is two doses and six to 12 weeks apart; and Pfizer is two doses, three weeks apart. However, some brands such as Johnson and Johnson require a single dose for full protection…, Who can receive COVID-19 vaccine?, In Nigeria, COVID-19 vaccine is administered to persons 18 years and older including pregnant women and lactating mothers., What brands of COVID-19 vaccines are available in Nigeria?, As of 15 th November 2021, the country has four brands of COVID-19 vaccines received from the COVAX Facility and the African Union: AstraZeneca, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer vaccines., Is COVID-19 Vaccination compulsory?, No. COVID-19 vaccination is not compulsory. However, with effect from 1 st December 2021, Federal government employees shall be required to show proof of COVID-19 vaccination or present a negative COVID-19 PCR Test result done within 72 hours to gain access into their offices in all locations within Nigeria., What is COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Campaign, COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Campaign is an initiative of the National Primary Health Care Development Agency in collaboration with the State government and Partners to increase access and utilization of COVID-19 vaccine in Nigeria. It entails expanding vaccination to all public health facilities, Private Health facilities, community pharmacies,…, Where can I get the COVID-19 vaccine?, You can get the COVID-19 vaccine in any public and designated private health facilities, COVID-19 Diagnostic Centres, motor parks, shopping malls, markets, event centres, schools, and other public places, in 36 States and FCT and across all Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Nigeria. Visit NPHCDA website at www.nphcda.gov.ng for more detail…, Can I get COVID-19 Vaccine in all Private health facilities?, No. COVID-19 vaccine is available at designated private health facilities that met the selection criteria of the National Primary Health Care Development Agency. The criteria include number of clients per day, provision of immunization services, location in urban and peri-urban area, must have a functional cold chain equipment, and must be…, Where are COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Sites located?, COVID-19 Mass Vaccination sites are located in public places such as shopping mall, recreational centres, Transport hubs (road, water, and airports), Schools, Markets, and any other places with high human traffic., Will taking the COVID-19 vaccine hurt or make me sick?, The COVID-19 vaccine does not hurt or make you sick.  Mild side effects may or may not occur as in any other vaccinations as every individual reacts to vaccines differently. Mild side effects such as fatigue, headache, chills, slight fever and pain or numbness at the site of vaccination may occur and disappear within a day or two. However, in case…, Does Europe and America reject Nigerian’s COVID-19 vaccination card or certificate?, No. Nigeria’s COVID-19 vaccination card or certificate has not been rejected in Europe, America, or any country in the world. Every country has its COVID-19 protocol for foreigners at the point of entry just as we have our protocol in Nigeria. Nigeria is still in the amber list of some of these countries, and this means that when you travel to…, I have received my first dose of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine. Can I take the available Moderna vaccine for my second dose?, No. NPHCDA does not recommend mixing different COVID-19 vaccine brands. There is enough doses of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccines for those who have taken their first dose of the vaccine as well as those taking their first dose., I received my first dose of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine over 12 weeks ago. Can I still take the second dose? What is the maximum interval between the first and second of the vaccine?, Yes. You can still receive the second dose of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine. The maximum interval between first and second dose of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine is 16 -20 weeks. Recent studies have shown that the longer the interval, the more effective. It is therefore advised that you take your second dose even if you have reached the maximum time…, Can I mix and match COVID-19 vaccines?, No. NPHCDA does not recommend mix and match of different brands of COVID-19 vaccines. For vaccines that require two doses, both doses must be from the same brand of COVID-19 vaccine. In Nigeria, we do not mix different brands of COVID-19 vaccine. Ensure you receive the same brand of COVID-19 vaccine for your first and second dose., Does Nigeria have adequate storage capacity for the various brands of COVID-19 vaccine expected in the country?, Yes, Nigeria has adequate capacity to store, manage and transport the various brands of COVID-19 vaccines that WHO has approved and authorized for use. The Federal Government, through NPHCDA has purchased Ultra Cold Chain (UCC) freezers for the National, Zonal and State Cold Stores to store vaccines that require very low temperature between -80 0…, If I do not want Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, can I wait for another brand?, All COVID-19 vaccines are effective against all variants of the virus. Therefore, it is advised that you get vaccinated as soon as possible. The best vaccine is the one that is available to you., How effective are COVID-19 vaccines in Nigeria against the Delta variant?, All COVID-19 vaccine brands approved for use in Nigeria are effective against all variants of COVID-19, including the Delta variant., Is it mandatory for me to take COVID-19 vaccine?, It is strongly recommended you get vaccinated against COVID-19 to stop the spread of the virus.  When you get vaccinated, you protect yourself, your family, friends, and community against the disease. Vaccination with COVID-19 vaccine or any other vaccine is not mandatory in Nigeria. However, evidence of vaccination against some diseases such as…, Can lactating mothers be vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccine?, There are no contraindications to show that lactating mothers cannot be vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccine if they are eligible. COVID-19 vaccine is safe for use., Can a pregnant woman take COVID-19 vaccine?, Yes. It is recommended that pregnant women should take COVID-19 vaccine after due consultations with their health care provider., Can people with known underlying medical conditions be vaccinated against COVID-19?, Yes. COVID-19 vaccination is especially important for people with underlying medical conditions such as hypertension, heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, cancer, etc. People with these conditions are more likely to get very sick from COVID-19. COVID-19 vaccines do not cause the disease but helps the body develop immunity against the disease., Do I need to be vaccinated if I have already had COVID-19?, Yes. You should still be vaccinated if you have had COVID-19 previously or if you have a positive antibody test. Vaccination will reduce the risk of re-infection with COVID-19 or if infected, having severe sickness., Can I be vaccinated if I have symptoms of COVID -19 or in isolation?, You should finish your ten-day isolation period before receiving the vaccine. If you currently have COVID-19, you should wait until you have recovered from the initial illness and have completed your isolation period before getting vaccinated., Is my Faith enough to protect me from COVID-19?, Every faith believes in the sacredness of life. Vaccination is one of the ways to preserve life. Therefore, do all you can, including vaccination to preserve life. Getting vaccinated against COVID-19 protects you, your family, friends, and community against the virus., Does the Vaccine contain any controversial substances that can alter my fast?, The COVID- 19 vaccine does not contain any controversial substances. All Vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccine, are solely medical and not nutritional, and do not alter your spiritual fast., If the vaccine works, why do I need to still wear a mask after vaccination?, The vaccine works! You are advised to practice COVID-19 preventive measures because getting the vaccine does not stop you from getting exposed to someone who has been infected, but the vaccination and development of immunity will stop the infection from progressing to disease, thereby protecting you. Even after vaccination, continue to wear your…, Can COVID-19 be passed on in warm sunny weather?, You can get COVID-19 no matter how sunny and warm it is. Exposing yourself to the sun or high temperatures does not prevent or treat COVID-19. So, whatever the weather you should follow the official advice to protect yourself from the virus., Can eating garlic prevent covid-19 infection?, Though garlic has some anti-microbial properties, there is no evidence that it can prevent Covid-19., Can COVID-19 be transmitted through mosquitoes?, There is no evidence that the novel coronavirus can be transmitted through mosquitoes.  The virus can be spread through droplets from coughing, sneezing or a patient’s saliva., Can you contract COVID-19 from touching surfaces?, People may also become infected by touching surfaces that have been contaminated by the virus when touching their eyes, nose, or mouth without cleaning their hands., Which type of settings does COVID-19 spread more easily?, COVID -19 is easily spread in crowded places, close-contact settings, especially where people have conversations very near each other, confined and enclosed spaces with poor ventilation., Can someone test negative and later test positive on a viral test for COVID-19?, Yes, it is possible. You may test negative if the sample was collected early in your infection and test positive later during the illness. You could also be exposed to COVID-19 after the test and get infected. Even if you test negative, you should still take steps to protect yourself and others., If the vaccine works, why do I need to still wear a mask after vaccination?, The vaccine works! You are advised to practice COVID-19 preventive measures because getting the vaccine does not stop you from getting exposed to someone who has been infected, but the vaccination and development of immunity will stop the infection from progressing to disease, thereby protecting you. Even after vaccination, continue to wear your…