The children

Early years

Primary school years



Early years

Newborn baby
© UNICEF Nigeria/2007/Nesbitt
A newborn baby at the neonatal unit of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital

About 1 million Nigerian children die each year before their fifth birthday; this is a shocking 10 per cent of the global total.

Sustained investment and systematically phased scaling up of essential maternal, newborn and child health interventions will save many lives.










Basic indicators

  • Under-5 mortality rate, 2006: 191
  • Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2006: 99
  • Neonatal mortality rate, 2000: 53
  • Annual no. of births (thousands), 2006: 5909
  • Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands), 2006: 1129
  • % of under-fives (2000-2006) suffering from underweight, moderate & severe: 29


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