Responding to immediate needs

UNICEF and the Government of Niger, together with Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) partners (ACF, ACTED, DRC, IRC, OCHA, UNICEF and WFP) is responding to the most pressing humanitarian needs in terms of food, shelter and non-food items.

By Juan Haro & Thibaut Roux
UNICEF and RRM partners respond together to children’s humanitarian needs
UNICEF Niger/2010/Juan Haro

06 August 2019

The first hours after a crisis are crucial. During emergencies, a timely response can save lives. Humanitarians need to know the terrain and find new alternatives to deliver aid, despite the complex environment. In countries like Niger, the humanitarian action needs to be fast, joint, and effective to reach the most vulnerable children across the country’s borders.

The landlocked country situated in the heartland of the Sahel region has an estimated population of 20.65 million. Of which, 2.3 million people are in humanitarian need, and 1.26 are children. The country hosts 478,000 people victims of forced displacement due to conflict or migration, and 150,000 at risk of displacement or flooding.

RRM snapshot
UNICEF Niger/2019/ Ibrahim Souleymane

 

 

 

The humanitarian needs are increasing given the chronic emergencies that every year hit Niger. The current humanitarian situation is exacerbated by on-going fragility and conflicts, and population movements as a result of on-going crises across Niger's borders, particularly the borders with Burkina Faso, Mali and Nigeria .

The country continues to face simultaneous emergencies that are stretching the capacities of the government and humanitarian partners to respond adequately.
In this context, reaching those most vulnerable children became an imperative.

UNICEF and partners set up the Rapid Response Mechanism to deliver immediate and rapid responses from the start of the crisis in Tillabéri, Tahoua, and Diffa.

Emanuele Cidonelli, OCHA
Emanuele Cidonelli, OCHA
Children make up almost half of the Tadress IDP population, Tillabery region. This displacement took place following a communal conflict of November 2018 between the villages of Tingara 1 and Tingara 2. A threat followed by a 24h ultimatum would have been given to 8 leaders of Tingara causing the fleeing of these populations, in the departments of Tondikiwindi, Sakoira Tillaberi, Anzourou and Dessa.
OCHA
Emanuele Cidonelli, OCHA
Men from the IDP community of Tadress, Tillaberi region (7km from Tillaberi city) explained to the representative of ECHO Niger how was the displacement from the village of Tingara 2 following a conflict between communities. The purpose of the visit was to understand the gravity of the situation, humanitarian needs of the displaced population and the impact of the RRM response provided for this community.
OCHA
Emanuele Cidonelli, OCHA
An RRM response team accompany the visit of ECHO, the main donor of the program, on the Tadresse IDPs site, Tillaberi region, which hosts displaced people of the village of Tingara 2 following the intercommunal conflicts of November 2018

Tillabery - ACTED

1
ACTED
Displaced people wait to receive RRM assistance at the site of Kongotchiré and Felili, commune of Inates, department of Ayorou, Tillaberi region.
2
ACTED
Daily unloading and distribution of RRM assistance at the displaced sites of Kongotchiré and Felili, commune of Inates, department of Ayorou, Tillaberi region.
acted
ACTED
WASH awareness and demonstration on the use of the Water treatment solution at the displaced sites of Kongotchiré and Felili, commune of Inates, department of Ayorou, Tillaberi region.
ACTED
ACTED
1
ACTED
2
ACTED

WASH awareness and demonstration on the use of the Water treatment solution at the displaced sites of Kongotchiré and Felili, commune of Inates, department of Ayorou, Tillaberi region.

 

DIFFA – UNICEF

DIFFA
UNICEF Niger/Juan Haro
Families who fled from Boko Haram violence in Nigeria arrive to the village of Chetimari, Diffa region in Niger in search of protection, shelter, and food.Families who fled from Boko Haram violence in Nigeria arrive to the village of Chetimari, Diffa region in Niger in search of protection, shelter, and food.
1
UNICEF Niger/Juan Haro
A man digs a hole in the ground just a few days after arriving near Chetimari village, in Diffa Region, Niger, fleeing Boko Haram violence at the other side of the border with Nigeria. 
2
UNICEF Niger/Juan Haro
Displaced families are building temporary houses thanks to the emergency shelter kits received by the RRM joint response.
DIFFA
UNICEF Niger/Juan Haro
Children affected by forced displacement received the first Non Food Item kits a few meters from the National Road 1, in Chetimari, Diffa region.
1
DRC
2
DRC

DRC conducts a Rapid Assessment Report in the south of Nguel Bazar site, Commune of Kablewa, Diffa. 

DRC
DRC
DRC distributing shelters to 114 households on the site of Dileram, Nguigmi, Diffa.

Maradi

Maradi is a concerning new emergency situation on the Niger-Nigerian border due to the increasing of violence in Nigeria’s North-Western states. Thousands of people, mainly women and children, have crossed the border into Maradi, Niger, fleeing extreme violence in Nigeria.

1
ACF
2
ACF

In July 2019, ACF carried out a mission of sensitization and distribution of Aquatabs water purifier tablets for the refugees coming from North-West Nigeria in Guidan Roumji, Maradi, Niger.

 

 

 

In Niger the RRM mechanism intervenes to respond to the most acute vulnerabilities in areas that are often difficult to access, in the sectors of water, hygiene and sanitation, food security, emergency shelter, non-food items and protection

Only in May 2019, the Rapid Response Mechanism conducted 4 multisectoral assessments (MSA) in three sites in Tahoua and one in Tillaberi, while one rapid protection evaluation (ERP) and one flash evaluation were conducted in Tillaberi region. The RRM partners provided assistance through non-food items (NFI) to 133 newly displaced families in Diffa region with OFDA financial support.

In 2019, an increasing focus is put on the strengthening and operationalization of the linkages between humanitarian action and development programming, particularly in the Diffa region. Emergency capacity to respond to acute crises is increased through the RRM.

Thanks to the support of ECHO, The Government of Japan, UNICEF and RRM partners have responded to the most acute needs in terms of food, water, hygiene and sanitation, non-food item, emergency shelter and protection in the areas of difficult access characterized by the absence of humanitarian actors.