Child Protection and Social Protection

Child Protection and Social Protection


Violence Against Children

© UNICEFNamibia/Figueira

Establishing integrated child protection services

Namibia has high HIV prevalence and around 30% of the new infections are among young people, mainly young women. Social and gender inequalities contribute to the devastating impact of HIV in the country and increase the vulnerability of children. Many children are reported to be exposed to violence, abuse and exploitation. One in five reported cases of domestic violence involves minors and the percentage of young children who are rape victims is much higher. 

One of the many grave impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic is the weakening of the quality of public service delivery and the capacity of families and communities to care for children. Protection systems in the country are fragmented and there is difficulty in accessing quality services in an integrated manner.


  • Conduct assessment of existing child protection systems and identify barriers to integrated service delivery
  • Develop Standard Operation Procedures to strengthen child protection systems
  • Develop foster care standards, guidelines and procedures
  • Establish shelters in all regions
  • Establish and maintain toll free Child Help lines with referral mechanisms
  • Train relevant service providers including communities and Woman and Child Protection Units
  • Strengthen child protection information system, including data collection and management 

UNICEF in Action

Namibia is grappling with endemic levels of violence against children and women. Every day women, girls and boys are beaten, assaulted or raped, often by people they know. Violence not only scars the survivor for life, it also hinders economic development through injury, long-term debilitating physical conditions, health care costs, early pregnancy and poor educational performance. Children who were abused are more likely to become violent adults, transmitting violence from one generation to the other.

All children and women have the right to be free from violence. In Namibia, UNICEF is working with partners to ensure that more vulnerable children and women benefit from integrated child protection and justice services by 2018. This also means increasing public awareness of violence and the devastating toll it takes on individual sand families.






Key Facts

HIV ANC prevalence - 18.8%

Children living with HIV - 13 497

Number of orphans and vulnerable children - 250 000

Men and women who believe wife beating is justifiable - m: 41%  f: 35%  


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