Child Protection and Social Protection

Child Protection and Social Protection


Child Protection and Social Protection


This programme aims to create an enabling policy and legislative environment. This will result in establishment and implementation of appropriate child protection legislation, policies, strategic plans and budgets for child protection and social protection.

The programme will also address harmful social and cultural practices such as violence, abuse and exploitation of children, women. The programme will advocate for individuals and families demand and benefit from integrated services, especially among socially excluded people, such as children with disabilities and children in rural and peri-urban areas.

This will result in increased birth registration rates and establishment, institutionalization and funding of an expanded social protection system to provide child welfare grants to all vulnerable children and in-crease household resilience in the face of economic shocks or natural disasters, in line with NDP4 commitments.

Our focus

Children and women in Namibia bear the brunt of poverty, deprivation and violence, which lock the vulnerable into a vicious cycle. For this reason, UNICEF targets the poorest children and women and those who are most at risk of violence, abuse and exploitation.

Our approach

Like elsewhere in the world, children in Namibia have the right to grow up free from poverty, violence and abuse. UNICEF strives to help them realise this fundamental right by creating supportive legislative, community and family environments. Developing and implementing laws, policies, strategies, plans and budgets for child protection and social protection is one side of the coin. On the other is the provision of integrated child protection and justice services for child victims of violence and exploitation, children with disabilities and other social excluded youngsters. Social protection is also a critical area of support, which includes reforming the child grant system and increasing access to birth registration.

Our achievements

Major progress has been made in social protection and legislation to ensure that children are safeguarded and their welfare promoted.

  • In 2014, the long-awaited Child Care and Protection Bill was passed, representing a major victory for child rights. The passage of the Bill is the result of many years of advocacy with national partners and UNICEF technical support to the drafting process. The Bill is aligned with Namibia’s regional and international agreements on children such as the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child.
  • Namibia is re-designing the child grant, with the aim of reducing child poverty from the current 34 per cent to 9 per cent, and completely eliminating extreme poverty among children. Since 2010, UNICEF has provided extensive support to this process by building a strong evidence base and advocating for the value of expanding the child grant to all poor and vulnerable children.
  • UNICEF has been supporting the Ministry of Home Affairs and Immigration to scale up birth registration through mobile campaigns in remote areas and hospital-based registration. The vast majority of babies are born in health facilities, and hospital-based registration is now available in 21 hospitals with high numbers of births.
  • Child and women survivors of violence get medical help, counselling and legal assistance from UNICEF-supported gender-based violence investigation units in the Namibian police force. In 2015, a new police training curriculum in child protection was rolled out in police training colleges throughout Namibia. The course will strengthen the skills of the gender-based violence investigation units to investigate and refer cases of gender-based violence and other violations, a prerequisite for successful survivor support and conviction. 



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