Child Protection

Child Protection Systems

Justice for Children

Child Protection in Emergencies

Engaging with Adolescents


Children in Armed Conflict

© UNICEF Myanmar/2012/ Myo Thame
Two Boys with the family kit and bed-net by UNICEF at the tempory camp in Kachin State. The conflict takes children away from their home, school and friends

Children continue to suffer from the ongoing conflict and inter-communal violence in Myanmar. Since 2007, UNICEF has been leading the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) on the six Grave Violations against Children under UN Security Council Resolution 1612.

These violations include:

  1. recruitment and use of children by armed forces/group
  2. killing and maiming
  3. sexual violence
  4. abduction
  5. attack on schools
  6. denial of humanitarian access.

The information collected through the MRM enables UNICEF and its partners to provide adequate assistance to child survivors and to advocate effectively with parties to the conflict for an end to Grave Violations against children.

In June 2012, the Government of Myanmar signed an Action Plan with the United Nations to end the recruitment and use of children in the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw). UNICEF is supporting the Government to implement this Action Plan and is seeing an increase in numbers of children identified and released from the Tatmadaw. As of January 2015, a total of 595 boys and young men have been discharged from the Tatmadaw and reintegrated into their communities. As a result of the Action Plan, Tatmadaw personnel are increasingly aware of the prohibition of child recruitment and have undertaken efforts to strengthen recruitment policies to prevent future child recruitment.

As part of a nationwide awareness raising campaign, UNICEF is sponsoring a phone line operated by an NGO to report cases of underage recruitment across the country.

Call the phone line to report cases of underage recruitment:

  • 09421166701
  • 09421166702

The number is operational from 7am to 10pm from Monday to Sunday. A call back service is provided for broken calls and missed calls outside of these hours.

UNICEF also supports and oversees the reintegration support of these children, which involves individual support by trained social workers. Social workers play a vital role in supporting the social reintegration of children helping to build overall psychological/psycho-social wellbeing. This is done through building good relationships and trust with the child and their families through a series of family visits. Social workers also support the enrollment of children into non-formal education centres or vocational training schools to learn new skills so they can find jobs. UNICEF fosters inter-ministerial collaboration to improve access to critical services for children released from the Tatmadaw.



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