Child Protection

Child Protection Systems

Justice for Children

Child Protection in Emergencies

Engaging with Adolescents


Child Labour

© UNICEF Myanmar/2009/Saw Aung Min
Two out-of-school working girls collect used plastic bags to sell for recycling. Child labour is one of the most prominent child protection problems in Myanmar.

Child labour is one of the most prominent child protection problems in Myanmar. In December 2013, Myanmar ratified the ILO Convention 182 on Worst Forms of Child Labour and reactivated the inter-governmental technical working group on child labour. New opportunities to tackle child labour and its route causes through inter-agency collaboration are emerging.

UNICEF works closely with the Factories and General Labour Laws Inspection Department (FGLLID) of the Ministry of Labour to increase the capacity of the government to identify and respond to children working in shops and factories. In 2014, UNICEF supported the development of the first Child Labour Monitoring Checklist in Myanmar – a tool for Labour Inspectors FGLLID to identify child labour cases within workplaces. In 2014 and 2015, UNICEF completed the first round of trainings for all labour inspectors of the FGLLID on child labour, child protection and child labour identification. UNICEF also supports trainings on child protection, child labour and children’s rights at work for representatives of factories and other businesses across the industrial zones of the Yangon Region.

Minimum age of children’s entry into workforce for various types of work is an issue that requires a new, robust and coherent legislative framework, as well as systematic implementation. Through the revision of the Child Law, minimum general age of child employment across all sectors will be raised, employment in worst forms of labour and hazardous work will be banned for all children under 18, and provisions aiming to improve children’s rights at work will be introduced.



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