Child Protection

Child Protection Systems

Justice for Children

Child Protection in Emergencies

Engaging with Adolescents

 

Child Protection Systems

© UNICEF Myanmar/2015/ Ko Kyaw Kyaw Winn
A blind girl listens to a story told by her friend. UNICEF supported the introduction of universal cash transfer programmes in Myanmar, including for children with disabilities.

The development of the National Social Protection Strategy in 2014, led by the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, reflected a very progressive approach to social welfare. It promotes universal cash transfer programmes for pregnant women and children, and for children with disabilities – together with five other “flagship” programmes. Social work case management is a key pillar of the National Social Protection Strategy and is an integral part of the national response to child protection.

The Department of Social Welfare (DSW) is committed to investing in social work case management through mobilising child protection case managers at the township level. UNICEF is supporting this effort to ensure that case managers are adequately trained, the reach of government social workers is effective, positioned to go to scale, and is linked with other departments, ministries, and NGO/CBOs working on child protection.

UNICEF’s support has resulted in the development of a child protection case management curriculum, and the training of 78 DSW case managers who have been deployed in 27 townships nationwide. The DSW case managers are working in collaboration with NGO case officers to ensure referral and response of child protection cases and access to services. With UNICEF’s support, both DSW and NGO staff working on case management have the resources and tools to provide effective social work case management.

One critical part of a good social welfare system is the presence of family-based alternative care options. Seventy-three per cent of children in institutions in Myanmar still have parents. Evidence suggests the number of children in institutions – and therefore the number of children who are separated from their parents - is increasing. The tendency for tourists to donate to orphanages perpetuates the problem. Awareness raising materials on the prevention of family separation was launched nationwide in 2014.  UNICEF also engages closely with DSW and the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism to address the issue of orphanage tourism.

 

 
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