800 children and young people released since 2012
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Yangon, 9 September 2016 – The Tatmadaw today released 55 children and young people as a result of coordinated efforts with the United Nations to implement the 2012 Joint Action Plan to end and prevent the use and recruitment of children by the army.
This is the first discharge to take place since the new government took power in April 2016, and a week after the 21st Century Panglong Union Peace Conference, which is a strong signal on the importance of protecting children in the context of armed conflict and within the peace process.
Since the signature of the Joint Action Plan in 2012, 800 children and young people have been released by the army. In addition, a further 13 young people recruited as children but already adults by 2012, were also released today*.
The children and young people discharged will benefit from social-economic reintegration programmes to help them re-start their lives with their families, with an emphasis on access to education and vocational training, and income generating activities.
“We welcome this discharge and the continued commitment of the Myanmar Government to implementing the Joint Action Plan, while stressing the need for the Government to continue making every effort to end the recruitment and use of children in its armed forces”, said Renata Dessallien, the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar, and co-chair of the UN Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) on Grave Violations against Children.
Since the signature of the Joint Action Plan, important actions have been taken, namely the centralisation of the recruitment, and the signature one year ago of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, which still needs to be ratified.
“We call on the Government to accelerate essential remaining steps, particularly by clearly banning use and recruitment of children in the soon to be adopted national Child Law, further reinforcing age assessment procedures within the military recruitment process, and including the prevention of violations against children in the military curriculum”, said Bertrand Bainvel, UNICEF Representative to Myanmar and co-chair of the CTFMR.
In addition to the Tatmadaw, seven non-state armed groups in Myanmar, are named on the UN Secretary-General’s list of parties to conflict who recruit and use children. The UN has started dialogue with several of these to discuss the possibility of signing action plans to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children under 18.
Whilst the peace process moves forward, commitment to stop recruitment and use of children should be immediate.
* With the exception of these 13 young people, all young people released were children under 18 at the time of the signing of the Joint Action Plan in June 2012.
In addition to the Tatmadaw, there are seven non-state armed groups listed by the UN Secretary-General as being “persistent perpetrators” in the recruitment and use of children in Myanmar. They are the:
- Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA)
- Kachin Independence Army (KIA)
- Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA)
- Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council
- Karenni Army (KA)
- Shan State Army South (SSA-S)
- United Wa State Army (UWSA)
ABOUT THE UN COUNTRY TASKFORCE ON MONITORING AND REPORTING (CTFMR) ON GRAVE VIOLATIONS AGAINST CHILDREN
United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1612 mandates the UN to establish UN-led CTFMRs in countries where there is verified evidence that Grave Violations against children are being committed by parties to a conflict, either by armed forces and/or by armed groups. The CTFMR is tasked with establishing a Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) which documents, verifies and reports to the UNSC on Grave Violations against children. The six Grave Violations that are monitored and reported are:
- killing or maiming of children
- recruitment and use of children in armed forces and armed groups
- attacks against schools or hospitals
- rape or other grave sexual violence
- abduction of children
- denial of humanitarian access for children
The CTFMR is also mandated to provide a coordinated response to such Grave Violations. The CTFMR was established in Myanmar in 2007 and is co-Chaired by the UN Resident Coordinator and the UNICEF Representative in Yangon. The CTFMR in Myanmar includes relevant UN agencies (ILO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UN OCHA, the UN RCO and WFP), Save the Children and World Vision.
In November 2013, UNICEF supported the Myanmar Government to launch a nation-wide campaign to raise awareness on its population on its commitment to end use and recruitment of Children by Tatmadaw. As part of this campaign, and on behalf of CTFMR, UNICEF and World Vision are managing 2 hotlines (09-421166701 and 09-4211667020) where anyone can alert and report suspected cases of children being recruited or used by the Tatmadaw.
For more information please contact:
Mariana Palavra, Communication Specialist, Advocacy, Partnerships and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar, 09795452618, firstname.lastname@example.org
Htet Htet Oo, Communication Officer, Advocacy, Partnerships and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar, 09250075238, email@example.com