Emergencies

Emergencies

 

Emergencies

© UNICEF Myanmar/2012/Myo Thame
The UNICEF supported Child Friendly School (CFS) offers a range of activities for the displaced children

Myanmar continues to face protracted emergencies in Kachin, northern Shan, and Rakhine States, placing over 536,000 people, including 240,000 children, in need of humanitarian support (as of 2015). The civil conflict in Kachin and northern Shan has displaced more than 99,000 people since 2011, and inter-communal violence has displaced nearly 140,000 people in Rakhine since 2012. Additionally 297,000 persons have been cut off from essential services by these crises.  Their needs are compounded by Myanmar’s high exposure to natural hazards.

In Rakhine, the conflict has worsened the situation of the population who were already affected by the State’s chronic under-development, with global acute malnutrition rates (GAM) of over 20 per cent in some areas, health services relying on mobile clinics, and low education access for all students, including only 8 per cent of adolescents in camps attending basic non-formal education.

In Kachin and northern Shan, stunting is a major concern, as is access to adequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities. Children continue to face limited access to basic education, and are at risk of violence, exploitation and abuse.  This includes the risks of recruitment and use by armed forces and armed groups, injury from mines and unexploded ordnance, gender-based violence and unsafe migration practices.

Humanitarian strategy

UNICEF continues to support the Government of Myanmar’s response to the humanitarian needs of over 536,000 children, men and women affected by conflict and natural hazards. UNICEF supports community-based solutions for increased access to water and improvement of its quality, WASH facility maintenance and hygiene promotion. UNICEF and partners continue to support children’s access to education by providing temporary learning spaces (TLS) and training on child-friendly education for volunteer teachers and school committees. UNICEF will continue to mitigate child protection risks through: psychosocial support in safe community spaces; mine-risk and life-skills education; and the release of children associated with armed forces. As lead of the WASH cluster, nutrition sector, and child protection sub-sector, and co-lead of the education sector, UNICEF will continue coordinating with partners to provide life-saving and sustaining services. UNICEF is investing in preparedness and disaster risk reduction strategies which focus on children’s needs, while ensuring programmes take into consideration the conflict and decrease vulnerabilities for children.

 

 
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