15 January 2024

Protection against violence, exploitation, abuse, neglect, and harmful practices

Protecting children and adolescents from violence in both humanitarian and development settings is an important shared priority for UNICEF and the Government of Mozambique. Humanitarian crises, including conflicts and climate-related disasters, place children at heightened risk of all forms of violence. Risks include emotional and psychosocial…, THE CHALLENGES, Violence against girls, boys, and women: : In 2019, 1 in 7 females (14.3 per cent) and 1 in 12 males (8.4 per cent) reported having experienced sexual violence before age 18. Nearly 1 in 4 girls (23.9 per cent) and more than 1 in 3 boys (34.1 per cent) reported having experienced physical violence before age 18. Lack of birth registration and…, Story: Linha Fala Criança – the Child Helpline, Linha Fala Criança – a linha telefónica de apoio à criança UNICEF’s experience shows that emergencies require comprehensive responses that protect children as they undergo complex, multidimensional crises. With the aim of strengthening its response in Cabo Delgado, which has experienced conflict and insecurity, UNICEF has opened a new office in…, WHAT NEEDS TO HAPPEN?, Jovens e adolescentes em Moçambique Strengthening systems for child protection: To deliver quality services, child protection systems need to be strengthened. This will require prioritization of social welfare and justice systems and focus on strengthening linkages with other sectors that are essential to positive child protection outcomes,…, Story: Special police ‘cabinet’ brings justice for victims of domestic violence, O "gabinete" especial da polícia faz justiça às vítimas de violência doméstica In 2009, Mozambique passed a law (19/209) against domestic violence that protects children and vulnerable people. The same year also saw the establishment of a designated office at the Monapo district police station to assist families and minor victims of violence:  the…, UNICEF’S RESPONSE, uma família moçambicana sorrindo With the support of partners, UNICEF works to ensure that children and adolescents in all situations are better protected. UNICEF supports the Government of Mozambique to strengthen child protection systems, including through support for specialized courts for children, building capacities of justice professionals…
11 November 2022

Child Marriage in Mozambique: A Practice Mired in Perceptions, Rites, Pressure and Culture

This formative research informed the Communication for Development (C4D) strategy for Ending Child Marriage in Mozambique, in support of  the  National  Strategy  to  Prevent  and  Eliminate  Child Marriage(2015-2019), led by the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Welfare. The research consisted of an extensive literature review and qualitative research conducted in eight districts across four provinces in Mozambican, namely: Angoche and Rapale in Nampula;  Maganja  da  Costa and Milange in Zambézia;  Moatize and Angónia in Tete; and, Tambara and Gondola in Manica. The field research covered a sample of 86 individual interviews and 41 focus group discussions, involving about 406 participants of  various  social profiles. The field research took place between April and June 2017. The research filled data gaps on the perceptions  and  determinants  that  inform  and  help  to  understand  the community  environment  and  social  constructions  around  child  marriages  in  the  eight  districts covered. The research also mapped the various stakeholders that play a role on perpetuating child marriage and understand which communities are already abandoning child marriage. Evidence on which communications channels and spaces  that are available  and  accessible for dialogues, and the services and actors who influence child marriages was also documented. The findings underscore a series of factors which contribute to the perpetuation  of  child marriage in Mozambique,  ranging  from:  gaps  in  knowledge  about  the legal  framework,  attitudes  and  practices  rooted  in  cultural  traditions,  unequal  gender  relations, and poor access to quality information, as well as disparities in access to education and health services. Poverty is a key factor in the context of sustaining child marriages with more than half the country’s population (54%) living below the national poverty line.   This formative research was featured in the Gender Solutions Capturing the impact of UNICEF’s gender equality evidence investments (2014–2021)  
04 May 2019

Child marriage in Mozambique

Mozambique has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world, affecting almost one in every two girls, and has the second highest rate in the eastern and southern African sub-region. Some 48 per cent of women in Mozambique aged 20–24 were first married or in a union before the age of 18, and 14 per cent before the age of 15 (DHS, 2011…, UNICEF Mozambique work in child marriage, Ending violence against children and child marriage is a priority for UNICEF child protection programme in Mozambique. There is a huge need to raise awareness in communities about the prevalence of abuse and violence as well as to empower community members, families and children to denounce and address such violations. Child protection systems at…, Child marriage ends dreams and threatens health, Child marriage ends dreams and threatens health Lavela Manuela did not intend to get pregnant nor marry while she was still at school, but she continued to study – at least at first – before her pregnancy began to show. Then, she stopped attending classes until she had a visit from the president of the school council, Paulinho Macalia, who…, Key messages on child marriage, 9. Casamento prematuro põe em perigo as raparigas: Raparigas casadas sofrem maiores abusos, violência doméstica (incluindo abuso físico, sexual ou psicológica) e abandono. Child marriage exposes girls to various abuses and violence A prevalência dos casamentos prematuros, gravidez adolescente e baixos níveis de conclusão do ensino por parte das…, Lei de Prevenção e Combate às Uniões Prematuras, O Presidente moçambicano, Filipe Nyusi, promulgou em outubro de 2019, e mandou publicar a Lei de Prevenção e Combate às Uniões Prematuras, aprovada em julho 2019 pelo parlamento. A lei elimina uniões maritais envolvendo pessoas com menos de 18 anos, punindo com pena até 12 anos e multa até 2 anos o adulto que se casar com uma criança. "O adulto,…