16 February 2024

Two pager: PROTECTION

UNICEF works in more than 190 countries and territories to protect children from violence, exploitation and abuse. Our efforts strengthen child protection systems to help children and adolescents access vital protection services, from birth through adolescence.    During a humanitarian crisis, we provide leadership and coordination for all actors involved in the response, focusing on reunifying separated children with their families; preventing and addressing violence against children and gender-based violence; and safeguarding children from sexual exploitation and abuse. With the onset of war in Ukraine in 2022, we strengthened Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) as well as protection services for girls, boys and women to ensure the most vulnerable children and families receive support.   We also support governments with policy, legislation and regulatory frameworks that give more children access to vital protection services and justice. In Moldova we supported the development and implementation of the 2022-2026 National Child Protection Programme and strengthened capacities of partners and local public authorities to effectively prevent and respond to violence against children, including gender-based violence, establishing models for multidisciplinary response that can be replicated across the country.  We have also improved alternatives to detention for child offenders through probation programs, and continue to work with the Ministries of Justice, Internal Affairs and Labour and Social Protection to enhance children's access to a more friendly justice.    Throughout all we do, we listen to young people to ensure their needs drive our programming and advocacy. Our initiatives also support parents and caregivers and build alliances at the local and global levels to leverage knowledge, raise awareness and encourage action.  
18 January 2023

Business impact analysis on the realization of children’s rights in the Republic of Moldova

The Business Impact Analysis (BIA) on the Realization of Children’s Rights in the Republic of Moldova, which was carried out in January–July 2022, is the first such research in Moldova. The purpose of the analysis was to contribute to understanding the extent to which children’s rights are recognized in the business sector and as a practice of corporate social responsibility. The main purpose of this report was to conduct a human-rights based analysis to assess the impact of the Republic of Moldova’s business sector on children’s rights. The analysis examines the key areas and sectors of the economy, and the potential and actual impacts of business on children’s rights in the country, with a focus on the most vulnerable children. Economic activity in the Republic of Moldova is concentrated in the service sectors. The service sector, tourism, transport, and communications have grown rapidly over the 2000–2020 period, while retail and wholesale trade has benefitted from remittance-fuelled domestic demand and intraregional trade. Based on the national statistics for 2021, retail accounted for about 18 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP), followed by Manufacturing (17 per cent), Construction (11 per cent) and agriculture (11 per cent). Corporate sustainability, human rights and children’s rights in business principles remains undeveloped in the Republic of Moldova. Current legislation does not provide sufficient incentives to address the impact of business on the rights and well-being of children. The analysis focused on key impacts on children’s rights by examining the following key sectors of the economy: information communication technology (ICT), financial services, food and agribusiness, retail, Hospitality, Energy and Transport sectors. Key issues causing child rights deprivations which can be impacted by the business sector, as identified based on the findings of the UNICEF’s Situation Analysis of children and adolescents in the Republic of Moldova, 2022 and challenges identified in the Voluntary National Review of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Implementation (2020)1, include: Higher poverty levels of households with children (SDG 1) Violence against children (SDG 8) Territorial Inequalities in education (SDG 10) Adolescent Health and Wellbeing (SDG 3) Safe and secure working environment and family friendly practices (SDG 8) Poor nutritional status of population (SDG2) Knowledge and skills required for decent jobs and entrepreneurship (SDG 4) Access to sanitation and safe and quality drinking water (SDG 6). Key impacts in the workplace, the marketplace and the community and the environment are linked with children’s rights deprivations identified in the situation analysis.