The role of the private sector in providing incentives for vaccine uptake during the COVID-19 pandemic

THE ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN PROVIDING INCENTIVES FOR VACCINE UPTAKE DURING THE COVID–19 PANDEMIC
UNICEFMoldova

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The study “THE ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN PROVIDING INCENTIVES FOR VACCINE UPTAKE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC” was carried out in March – July 2022 in the Republic of Moldova. The purpose of the analysis was to contribute to understanding how private sector in Moldova addressed the challenges of COVID-19 and accelerated roll-out of the COVID-19 vaccine.

The COVID-19 pandemic had a negative impact on businesses and population alike. A significant number of businesses experienced a drop in sales and reduction in workforce, with many businesses closing altogether. The largest negative impact was experienced in the services sector, particularly small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the sector. SMEs in wholesale and retail trade, transportation and storage and hospitality sectors have the biggest shared contribution to the overall Moldovan economy.1 These are also the sectors that have been strongly affected by the pandemic.

Health and family needs, restrictions on mobility and unemployment through decreased economic activity have reshaped the working population. Women in the Republic of Moldova were already vulnerable before the pandemic, and the pandemic exacerbated the existing gender inequality. Although participation of women in the labor force is lower in the Republic of Moldova than that of men, the impact of COVID-19 has been heavier on women in terms of job losses. According to the World Bank Enterprise Survey, 2021, despite a relatively strong reliance in the services sector for female workers during the crisis, the recovery process has been more favorable for male workers.

Businesses have an important role in addressing the challenges
of COVID-19 and accelerating roll-out of the COVID-19 vaccine. Businesses in the Republic of Moldova have contributed financial resources, assets and innovation ranging from purchases of personal protective equipment, to awareness campaigns, to solutions for provision of education and healthcare services. They have also introduced protective measures to protect the health of their workforces, as well as taking measures to promote adoption of vaccines by employees.

Although much progress has been made in accelerating delivery of COVID-19 vaccines in the Republic of Moldova, there remains the final hurdle of ensuring sufficient uptake. Employers are uniquely positioned to support vaccine adoption, and can do so by building conviction and making vaccination as convenient and costless to employees as possible.

Author(s)
Maia Tevzadze, Polina Listopad

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