27 December 2023

State of Palestine Humanitarian Situation Report No. 12 (Escalation), 27 December 2023

Over 2 million people in the Gaza Strip are classified as living in emergency and catastrophic food insecurity phases, according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report, greatly aggravating the prevalence of acute malnutrition. All children, under five in the Gaza Strip - 335,000 - are at high risk of severe malnutrition and preventable death. The UN Secretary-General warned of risk of famine. Humanitarian activities continue to face operational constraints due to hostilities, insecurity, blocked roads and limited communications. UNICEF continues to support the Maternal, New-born and Child Health (MNCH) services in 20 shelters in North Gaza with partners, providing primary health care services to IDPs, with focus on children and women. UNICEF continued providing recreational activities in the Gaza Strip through partners, reaching 40,898 children and adolescents with recreational activities, with a significant contribution to the well-being of these individuals. Nearly 450,000 people in the Gaza Strip benefitted to date from UNICEF provided multi-purpose cash assistance (MPCA) and top ups. In the past week, UNICEF delivered 29 truckloads of critical emergency supplies into the Gaza Strip including hygiene kits for 60,000 people; medical consumables for 15,000 people; and winter clothing to cover 9,000 children between the ages between 1-5 years. Immunization programmes with UNICEF, WHO, UNRWA and MOH are restarting in the Gaza Strip. UNICEF delivered 80,000 doses of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines into the Gaza Strip in the past week. Situation reports are the main reporting tool to monitor UNICEF’s humanitarian response. They provide an update on the situation and needs of children in a country or region, as well as information on UNICEF’s response and funding requirements
21 December 2023

State of Palestine Humanitarian Situation Report No. 11 (Escalation), 21 December 2023

Up to 1.9 million people are displaced, with over 12,000 people per square kilometre in the south of the Gaza Strip, the most densely populated area. This is a fourfold increase from before the escalation and has resulted in dire living conditions for hundreds of thousands of IDPs who are squeezed into extremely overcrowded spaces. Lack of food and poor hygiene worsen living conditions, increase protection and mental health issues, and contribute to prevalence of diseases UNRWA shelters have recorded over 360,000 cases of infectious diseases, such as acute respiratory infections, meningitis, jaundice, impetigo, and chickenpox. UNICEF delivered lipid-based nutrition supplements covering the needs of 61,600 children aged 6-24 months inside shelters in the Gaza Strip for one month, ready to use therapeutic food for 3,000 children with acute malnutrition, micronutrient supplements for 1,660 pregnant and breastfeeding women, Vitamin A supplements for 3,370 infants aged 6-11 months. UNICEF provided 80,000 litres of fuel during the reporting period to run wells and desalination plants, reaching more than 1.3 million people, including over 676,000 children with clean water for drinking. In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, UNICEF provided child protection services and awareness-raising sessions on child rights to 562 individuals (320 women/girls) including 298 children. including on mental health, parental counselling and legal aid. 35 UNICEF trucks with critical emergency supplies entered Gaza in the past week with hygiene kits to cover 27,000 people, medical pharmaceutical kits for 75,000 people, nutritional kits with supplements for 3,000 infants and young children, and winter clothing for 11,600 children aged 2-16 years. Situation reports are the main reporting tool to monitor UNICEF’s humanitarian response. They provide an update on the situation and needs of children in a country or region, as well as information on UNICEF’s response and funding requirements.
14 December 2023

State of Palestine Humanitarian Situation Report (Escalation) No.10, 14 December 2023

Up to 1.9 million people, nearly 85 per cent of the population, are displaced. Entire neighbourhoods, where children used to play and go to school, are turned into stacks of rubble. Humanitarian and physical space is further severely shrinking. Up to 360,000 documented cases of infectious diseases are reported in shelters. WHO confirmed cases of meningitis, jaundice, impetigo, chickenpox, and upper respiratory tract infections. Cold and wet weather makes it difficult to stay warm and healthy. UNICEF is the only agency procuring winter clothes for children in the Gaza Strip. In response to the deteriorating environmental and sanitary conditions, UNICEF provided fuel to a wastewater treatment plant to support sewage treatment and safe disposal, benefiting over 275,000 people in Rafah, including 140,250 children. UNICEF provided psychosocial support services to 415 people in the Gaza Strip through helpline services. UNICEF with partners expanded recreational activities in the Gaza Strip to 18,350 children and adolescents including 11,569 girls and 265 children with disabilities. UNICEF with partners reached 14,994 children and 4,532 caregivers with psychosocial support services since 7 October. Over the past weeks 35 UNICEF trucks have entered Gaza with Jerry cans to benefit 110,000 people, pharmaceuticals medical kits for 150,000 people, medical consumables to cover 30,000 people, hygiene kits for 7,200 people, ready to use therapeutic food (RUTF) for 2,450 children to treat malnutrition, winter clothing for 2,000 children, 7,500 infants, and blankets for 5,000 people.
08 December 2023

State of Palestine Humanitarian Situation Report No. 9 (Escalation), 06 December 2023

1.9 million people are displaced. Hostilities resumed after the humanitarian pause. Humanitarian and physical space is severely shrinking. Two months into the escalation of hostilities, 17,177 Palestinians have reportedly been killed and more than 46,000 injured, as well as 1,200 Israelis and foreign nationals killed, and more than 7,500 injured. The impact of children is tremendous and severe with more than 5,350 children reported killed and 8,663 children injured. In the occupied West Bank since 7 October, at least 69 children have been reported killed in conflict-related violence in the past eight weeks, nearly double the number of children killed in all of 2022. The humanitarian pause ended on 1 December, increasing the challenges for UNICEF to deliver safely humanitarian aid. While aid is slowly entering Gaza, it is not enough, and the needs are immense. In addition, challenges continue to be linked to insecurity and logistics bottlenecks. UNICEF distributed in the past week 660,000 litres of lifesaving bottled water in the north of the Gaza Strip, benefitting over 220,000 people. Through national partners, UNICEF expanded child health services in the 20 shelters in North Gaza in the past week. Over 16,000 of the 71,000 IDPs residing in these shelters received primary health care services. UNICEF delivered 50,000 blankets to shelters in the reporting period. UNICEF reached with multipurpose cash assistance nearly 310,000 people (40,500 families, including 145,000 children, 14,400 people with disabilities, and 9,900 female-headed households). UNICEF sent 48 trucks into Gaza in the past week with 319,000 diapers to benefit over 106,000 children; 165,000 jerry cans; bottled water to serve over 11,000 people for seven days, and tents for 1,320 people.
10 November 2023

State of Palestine Escalation Humanitarian Situation Report No. 5, 9 November 2023

 Every day over 400 children are reported killed or injured in the Gaza Strip, 4,324 children are reported killed since the start ofhostilities. 1.5 million people are internally displaced in the Gaza Strip – half of whom are children. More than 1/3 of hospitals and 2/3 of primary health care facilities are closed in the Gaza Strip. WHO has documented 235 attacks on health care in the State of Palestine since 7 October. In the West Bank children continue to face conflict-related violence and insecurity, 46 children are reported killed in the West Bank since 7 October. UNICEF has supported water trucking and additional WASH activities to shelters, serving an estimated 1 million people in the Gaza Strip including over 560,000 children. UNICEF addressed sanitation issues with 30 solid waste containers and cleaning services in shelters, benefitting 26,000 people in the Gaza Strip. In the Gaza Strip 194,000 people including women, adolescent girls and newborns were reached with lifesaving medical supplies. In the Gaza Strip, over 2,900 people (2,600 children) received psychosocial support through helplines and partners. Humanitarian cash transfers were provided to 2,087 conflict-affected households. UNICEF has provided recreational activities with partners for 11,110 children. UNICEF is providing supplements to over 105,000 breastfeeding mothers who are struggling to feed themselves and their babies.
02 April 2023

Syria Humanitarian Situation Report No. 7 (Earthquake), 28 March 2023

Ongoing displacement continues to raise child protection and genderbased violence concerns, including sexual exploitation and abuse. Over-crowding, lack of privacy and insufficient quality and quantity of gender and age- appropriate facilities, including WASH, represent significant risks for women and girls in particular. UNICEF WASH interventions include age and gender considerations throughout the design, implementation and monitoring phases. In northwest (NW) Syria, UNICEF is prioritising the involvement of women, girls, men and boys in WASH programming, including improving safe access to facilities (such as reducing walking distances to water points) and designing facilities that respond to specific age and gender needs, including menstrual hygiene management. UNICEF and partners supported 101,975 children (50,157 girls, 51,818 boys) to access formal or non-formal education, including early learning, self-learning and remedial classes. In NW Syria, UNICEF partners also reached 7,186 children (4,080 girls, 3,106 boys) with school-based psychosocial supported programmes in non-formal settings. UNICEF reached 19,484 children (including 49 children with disabilities) in Aleppo, Lattakia and Hama with clothing, blankets and recreational material and ensured they have access to play material throughout their stay in collective shelters.  As of 28 March, 67,277 highly vulnerable people in affected areas of Aleppo and Hama received emergency cash assistance to support their basic needs and mitigate the economic shock created by the earthquakes. In addition, UNICEF supported 1,752 pregnant and lactating women and caregivers of children under two years old in NW Syria. The cash response is being scaled up through ongoing registration and identification of another 140,000 affected families in Aleppo, Lattakia and Hama.
04 March 2023

Syria Humanitarian Situation Report No. 3 (Earthquake), 27 February 2023

UNICEF and partners reached more than 101,162 children with essential child protection services and supplies, including psychological first aid and recreational activities. In northwest (NW) Syria, 14 UNICEF-supported Child Friendly Spaces and Women and Girls Safe Spaces as well as 19 Child Protection and GBV mobile teams have resumed operations and are rapidly scaling up their reach and interventions. UNICEF and partners reached 1,070 children and adults with sessions on protection from sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA), including on available PSEA reporting mechanisms. UNICEF completed the restoration of gender sensitive WASH facilities in two schools used as internally displaced persons (IDP) shelters in Lattakia and is currently installing five prefab water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) units providing 18 single-sex toilets and 12 showers in the sports stadium in Lattakia city, one of the largest shelters. Latest assessment data shows that up to 1,800 schools are damaged (including over 220 schools in NW Syria) and at least 171 schools being used as shelters (including 20 in NW Syria). As a result, children who go to schools that are damaged or used as shelters will not be able to resume their education in a safe learning environment until these schools are safe and ready. As of 27 February, 58,500 people (11,552 families) in affected areas of Aleppo and Hama have received emergency cash assistance.
21 February 2023

Earthquake response: Humanitarian situation report 6-16 February 2023

UNICEF’s earthquake immediate response plan aims at reaching 5.4 million people, including 2.6 million children, from February to May 2023. As cluster lead for WASH, Nutrition and Education and as responsible for the areas of Child Protection, UNICEF is coordinating with partners in the affected areas to assess damages and the impacts of the earthquake and plan the necessary response. UNICEF partners on the ground have provided around 200,000 people with life-saving WASH supplies and services, including 96,654 affected people residing in 74 reception centres in Northwest (NW) Syria.  Twenty-one UNICEF-supported Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams (MHNTs) were immediately redeployed to provide health and nutrition services and supplies to over 31,500 affected people. Additional 136 interagency emergency health kits have been shipped and will arrive in NW Syria within days to support 940,000 earthquake affected people for three months. UNICEF is currently also setting up temporary learning spaces in the form of prefabricated classrooms and tents in areas where schools were severely damaged or rendered unusable. UNICEF, as a sector lead, together with partners, has started rapid safety and infrastructure damage assessments of educational facilities and has prepositioned education supplies for 50,000 children. UNICEF-supported Child Protection mobile teams in Aleppo, Hama and Latakia were redeployed to support displaced families with psychological first aid and other mental health and psychosocial support, reaching approximately 18,265 children, parents and caregivers.