12 June 2023

Earthquake emergency cash response - June 2023

This report provides the findings of the rapid Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) survey, which was conducted among earthquake-affected families who benefitted from UNICEF’s emergency cash assistance in Aleppo governorate. The survey was conducted among families caring for children with disabilities who benefitted from the cash emergency response as part of the horizontal expansion of the Integrated Social Protection Programme for Children with Disabilities. The objective of the survey was to understand how families have used the first round of cash assistance they received in March 2023 and to gauge their level of satisfaction with the emergency response. Key findings include: The most significant impact of the earthquake was displacement and loss of assets/livelihoods. More than half of families were both displaced and suffered damages to their dwellings and/or loss of livelihood. Two-thirds of the cash was used for shelters, health, and food: The top expenditure with the cash assistance was house repairs and rent (24 per cent), followed by health (22 per cent), food (21 per cent), clothes (15 per cent), and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) (10 per cent). Families prioritised non-shelter needs, highlighting both their high level of pre-existing vulnerabilities and the importance of providing unconditional cash assistance. Over two-thirds of families have used cash for health. The high level of out-of-pocket health expenditures illustrates the immense health needs of families caring for children with disabilities. Almost two-thirds of families did not use cash for shelters. However, among those who used cash for shelters, the amount spent was significant. Use of cash for rent was significantly higher among female-headed families than male-headed families. This reflects the greater socio-economic vulnerabilities of female-headed families, who tend to live in rented dwellings more than male-headed families. Most families spent the cash within one week. On average, families spent the cash in 6.9 days. High level of satisfaction with the overall cash response. Ninety-four per cent of the families reported that they were satisfied with the overall cash response.
30 May 2023

Earthquake emergency cash response - May 2023

This report presents the findings of the rapid Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) survey, which was conducted among earthquake-affected families who benefitted from UNICEF’s emergency cash assistance in Hama governorate. The household survey was conducted among families enrolled in the Integrated Social Protection Programme for Children with Disabilities who have been directly affected by the earthquake. When the earthquake hit Hama on 6 February 2023, 3,094 families (over 20,000 people) were benefitting from the programme. Of those, 748 families (or 24 per cent) were directly impacted by the earthquake and received a cash top-up of USYP 1.54 million. The rapid PDM survey was conducted to understand how families have used the cash top-up and to gauge their level of satisfaction with the emergency response. Key highlights include: Almost half of the cash was used for home repairs and rent. The top expenditure with the cash top-up was for house repairs (36 per cent). This indicates that the cash was used to address new humanitarian needs directly resulting from the earthquake. Eighty per cent of beneficiaries have used some of the cash for house repairs, confirming the relevance and targeting approach of the cash response. One-quarter of the cash assistance was used by families for health-related expenditures. The significant amount of cash used for health highlights the high level of pre-existing vulnerabilities among beneficiaries and indicate that the earthquake has further aggravated poverty and vulnerability of families caring for children with disabilities. The share of the cash used for food was unusually small (7 per cent only). The use of the cash was very quick. On average, families spent the cash in 4.9 days. There was high level of satisfaction among beneficiaries with the cash response.