Joining Forcesto Combat Protracted Crises

Humanitarian and Development Support for Water and Sanitation Providers in the Middle East and North Africa

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World Bank


This report was written by a team led by Dominick de Waal and Iyad Rammal (World Bank), comprising Michael Talhami (International Committee of the Red Cross; ICRC), Omar El Hattab (United Nations Children’s Fund; UNICEF), and Naif Mohammed Abu-Lohom, Nafie Mohammed Mofid, Sally Zgheib, Nitin Jain, and Heather Skilling (World Bank). 

The core ideas in the report emerged from a World Bank-convened workshop at the Center for Mediterranean Integration, Marseille, France, in May 2017. The workshop involved water supply and sanitation service providers and humanitarian and development actors from, or working in, Djibouti, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, and the Syrian Arab Republic, including Agence Française de Développement, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, the ICRC, UNICEF, and Gruppo di Volontariato Civile. The report also benefited from inputs from the Arab Countries Water Utilities Association and discussions at the 2019 Arab Water Week. 

This publication received the support of the Global Water Security & Sanitation Partnership (GWSP). GWSP is a multidonor trust fund administered by the World Bank’s Water Global Practice and supported by Austria’s Federal Ministry of Finance, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Denmark’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands’ Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Switzerland’s State Secretariat for Economic Affairs, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, U.K. Department for International Development, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. 

The team is grateful to peer reviewers Catherine-Lune Grayson-Courtemanche, David Kaelin, Guillaume Pierrehumbert, and Evaristo de Pinho Oliveira (ICRC), Jamal Shah (UNICEF), and Greg Browder, and Gustavo Saltiel (World Bank). 

Insightful comments to an earlier version of this report were received from Evaristo de Pinho Oliveira and Guillaume Pierrehumbert (ICRC), Timothy Grieve (UNICEF), and Chloë Oliver Viola, Tesfaye Bekalu, and Tahir Akbar (World Bank). 

Additional guidance in the development of this report was provided by Richard Damania, Joel Kolker, Alex Bakalian, and Anders Jägerskog (World Bank). 

The team would also like to thank the ICRC Water and Habitat colleagues in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Yemen, and Libya for providing valuable context specific input. 

The team would like to thank Carmen Nonay (World Bank) for her managerial support and encouragement over the period of this project. 

This report was edited by Lisa Drysdale and typeset by Datapage International.

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World Bank, ICRC, UNICEF
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