State of Palestine Humanitarian Situation Report No. 11 (Escalation), 21 December 2023


  • Up to 1.9 million people are displaced, with over 12,000 people per square kilometre in the south of the Gaza Strip, the most densely populated area. This is a fourfold increase from before the escalation and has resulted in dire living conditions for hundreds of thousands of IDPs who are squeezed into extremely overcrowded spaces.
  • Lack of food and poor hygiene worsen living conditions, increase protection and mental health issues, and contribute to prevalence of diseases UNRWA shelters have recorded over 360,000 cases of infectious diseases, such as acute respiratory infections, meningitis, jaundice, impetigo, and chickenpox.
  • UNICEF delivered lipid-based nutrition supplements covering the needs of 61,600 children aged 6-24 months inside shelters in the Gaza Strip for one month, ready to use therapeutic food for 3,000 children with acute malnutrition, micronutrient supplements for 1,660 pregnant and breastfeeding women, Vitamin A supplements for 3,370 infants aged 6-11 months.
  • UNICEF provided 80,000 litres of fuel during the reporting period to run wells and desalination plants, reaching more than 1.3 million people, including over 676,000 children with clean water for drinking.
  • In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, UNICEF provided child protection services and awareness-raising sessions on child rights to 562 individuals (320 women/girls) including 298 children. including on mental health, parental counselling and legal aid.
  • 35 UNICEF trucks with critical emergency supplies entered Gaza in the past week with hygiene kits to cover 27,000 people, medical pharmaceutical kits for 75,000 people, nutritional kits with supplements for 3,000 infants and young children, and winter clothing for 11,600 children aged 2-16 years.

Situation reports are the main reporting tool to monitor UNICEF’s humanitarian response. They provide an update on the situation and needs of children in a country or region, as well as information on UNICEF’s response and funding requirements.

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