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News note

New Security Council resolution enhances accountability and responses to violations against children in situations of armed conflict

NEW YORK, 5 August 2009 – UNICEF welcomes the UN Security Council’s unanimous adoption yesterday of a new resolution, Resolution 1882 (2009), which heralds a stronger protective environment for children in situations of armed conflict and an increased level of accountability for those who violate their rights.

Security Council resolution 1612, adopted in 2005, established the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM), which addresses six grave violations of children’s rights: the recruitment or use of children by armed groups and armed forces, killing and maiming of children, rape and other sexual violence, abduction, attacks on schools and hospitals, and denial of humanitarian access.

The new Resolution 1882 expands the triggers for the implementation of the existing monitoring and reporting mechanism on grave violations committed against children caught up in conflicts. It stipulates that the annual report the Council receives will now list parties that engage in patterns of killing or maiming, and rape or other sexual violence against children in conflict situations.

The Council resolution reiterated its earlier call for parties named as violators in the annexes of Secretary-General’s reports to develop action plans to halt child recruitment. It also called for the development of additional complete, time-bound action plans to halt killing and maiming of children, and rape and other sexual violence against children.

Resolution 1882 also stressed the need for the United Nations to ensure effective follow up, to monitor and report on progress, and to ensure a coordinated response to issues related to children and armed conflict.

This is the seventh resolution on children and armed conflict since 1999, when the issue was first placed on the agenda of the Security Council. Over time, the scope of the Council’s resolutions has expanded, along with its attention to issues of accountability of perpetrators, as awareness of the impact of armed conflict on children has grown.

This broader recognition of the impact of conflict on children, and the increased engagement of the Security Council in ensuring all grave violations of their rights are addressed, will play an important part in improving the circumstances of children caught up in armed conflicts. 

The joint efforts of the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict, including those of the Government of Mexico as its Chair; and the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict have been widely praised for promoting this important initiative

UNICEF will continue to play a key role by working with parties to conflicts to develop and monitor the implementation of action plans, and working with all stakeholders to ensure that this resolution is implemented for the benefit of children in need.

For more information, please contact:
Christopher de Bono, UNICEF New York,
Tel + 1 212 303 7984
E-mail: cdebono@unicef.org




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