We’re building a new UNICEF.org.
As we swap out old for new, pages will be in transition. Thanks for your patience – please keep coming back to see the improvements.

Press centre

News note

Children are still being trafficked 200 years after the abolition of the slave trade

NEW YORK, 25 March 2007 - Although 25 March marks the 200th anniversary of the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act, slavery still exists today as children are trafficked into bonded labour and the sex trade.

An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked every year to be used as domestic servants, factory workers, camel jockeys, child soldiers and sex slaves.

Children are the most vulnerable to human rights abuses yet least able to defend themselves. The bicentenary offers a unique opportunity to renew global efforts to eradicate child trafficking.

Human trafficking generates an estimated $9.5 billion a year, attracting organized criminal gangs and leading to corruption on a global scale.

The breakdown of the protective environment leaves children vulnerable to traffickers who exploit the desperation of families. The social factors which lead to this desperation need to be addressed in order to put a stop to this crime. It is also critical to tackle the demand side of human trafficking. Laws must be enforced against those who exploit children.

In 2005, UNICEF and the United Arab Emirates signed an agreement to return children involved in camel racing, many of them victims of trafficking, back to their countries. More than 1,000 child camel jockeys – mostly from Bangladesh, Mauritania, Pakistan and Sudan returned home and were reunited with their families.

UNICEF is committed to eradicating modern day slavery by tackling its root causes such as poverty, lack of education, discrimination and violence. These and other efforts including reintegration programmes involving family, community and governmental support are all part of UNICEF’s efforts to build a protective environment for children, one which safeguards children from violence, exploitation and abuse before it happens.


UNICEF is on the ground in over 150 countries and territories to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence.  The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS.  UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.

For further information, please contact:

Geoffrey Keele, UNICEF Media NY: Tel + 212-326-7583; Email gkeele@unicef.org

Saira Khan, UNICEF Media NY: Tel + 212 326 7224; Email sskhan@unicef.org




New enhanced search