Targets by 2015:
Develop further an open trading and financial system that includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction — nationally and internationally.
Address the least developed countries’ special needs, and the special needs of landlocked and small island developing states.
Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems.
Develop decent and productive work for youth.
In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.
In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies — especially information and communications technologies.
Partnerships are vital to UNICEF.
Non-governmental and private sector organizations contributed 31 per cent of UNICEF’s income in 2003, more than $515 million dollars.
UNICEF is uniquely positioned to generate knowledge about the situation of children’s and women’s rights, and to advocate and promote partnerships for their fulfilment.
A founding member of the United Nations Development Group, UNICEF has since its origins collaborated with other UN agencies, global health initiatives, governments, donor agencies, humanitarian and non-profit groups, media networks, universities, faith-based groups, communities and children themselves, coordinating a global effort to advance young people’s rights. UNICEF also created The Office of Public Partnerships in 2003 to build new global relationships and fully utilize alliances.
Going forward to meet Goal 8, UNICEF plans to reorganize its capacities and strengthen its partnership approach to become an even more effective, trusted ally and advocate.
UNICEF will also strengthen its support of children and young people themselves as partners and participants in societal decision-making.
A few examples of partnerships in action:
National Committees represent UNICEF throughout the industrialized world, advocating for children and for meeting the Goals. They establish relationships with private sector partners, volunteers and donors, raising nearly a third of UNICEF’s income. The Japan National Committee, which will celebrate its 50th anniversary in 2005, is the first Committee to have raised more than $100 million in a single year for UNICEF. The Czech Committee works with a national magazine that has improved coverage of UNICEF initiatives such as birth registration and ending child labour. The Belgian Committee mobilized an aircraft to send emergency supplies just hours after an earthquake devastated the city of Bam in the Republic of Iran.
Governments are an essential link in any UNICEF activity and one reason why many of its activities include research-based advocacy. Building on field experience and in alliance with other UN agencies, UNICEF works to stimulate dialogue on national frameworks, legislative reforms and budget allocations affecting children and women.
Because children’s needs are so critical – and central to development in general - UNICEF advocates for building capacities and leveraging resources so that national and global investments contribute to fulfilling the best interest of the child, including in emergency situations.
UNICEF also works in a supporting role with governments, offering research-based technical assistance for actions. Without national and community backing, actions cannot proceed; with it, they soar. In India, where some 4.6 million people are living with HIV/AIDS, UNICEF and the Government teamed up to introduce the AIDS Prevention Education Program. It promotes safe sexual behaviour and explains causes of the disease. The Program has reached five million students to date.
Corporations have joined forces with National Committees and Country Offices to raise awareness and funds for UNICEF. Check Out for Children, a partnership with Starwood Hotels and Resorts, has helped UNICEF immunize over 500,000 young people with donations of $10 million since 1995. IKEA and UNICEF teamed up to end child labor in India. The five-year, $1.4 million alliance focuses on prevention and elimination of child exploitation in the carpet belt of Uttar Pradesh. The initiative reached 402,000 people in 200 villages by the end of 2003.
UNICEF works side-by-side with hundreds of non-governmental organizations and foundations. In emergencies, UNICEF steps up with Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders), Oxfam and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, delivering supplies and health services. Rotary International and The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation fund and create awareness for vaccination campaigns. Zonta International Foundation is funding a project, led by the Afghan Ministry of Health, to eliminate tetanus among women and babies in Afghanistan.
Educational institutions provide research and assistance for many UNICEF activities. One example: To help implement emergency obstetric care and avert maternal deaths, UNICEF is working closely with Columbia University’s Averting Maternal Deaths and Disabilities Programme (AMDD). UNICEF has called on Columbia’s technical team for support to its work in various countries in conducting needs assessments, planning meetings, conducting site visits and training health staff in emergency obstetric skills. UNICEF and the Programme have also collaborated in producing manuals, technical papers and tools to benefit UNICEF country offices and their partners.
Community-based organizations are where much of UNICEF’s work is actually realized. These groups help ensure that lifesaving immunizations and AIDS education reach remote villages in local languages, cost-efficiently and according to local customs and needs. In Angola, for example, a group of volunteers called Pastoral da Criança talk to women about prenatal care, breastfeeding, nutrition, child development and health care. Once a month as many as 200 new mothers gather to have their babies weighed and to share health and nutrition tips. UNICEF provides financial and technical support; just one dollar helps one child per month.
UNICEF also seeks participation from the world’s children. The Special Session of the UN General Assembly on Children in 2002 marked the first time children themselves attended as delegates. Building on this unprecedented event, UNICEF helps partners enable the views of girls and boys to be taken into account in the design and implementation of policies and programmes that affect their lives, according to their evolving capacities, including during conflict and crises. This includes activities from advocating for childrens’ right to freedom of thought and expression to creating a Web site for them to share ideas.