18 June 2024


With a population of approximately 22.4 million inhabitants, where 55%are under 18, Mali ranks 186th of 191 countries on the Human Development Index. At least 41% of an estimated 3,343,223 children live in multidimensional poverty.In 2023, important institutional reforms occurred in Mali, including the adoption of a new constitution via a referendum, the launch of the census report, the adoption of territorial integrity laws, and the launch of the country’s 2063 vision. The economy has shown signs of restoration to its pre-2020 level, despite the residual effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and of sanctions imposed by the Economic Community of West African States.GDP growth was estimated at 5.1% in 2023 and projected to grow to 5.3% in 2024. Despite this, the gains have not been evenly distributed, leading to persistent poverty and inequality, disproportionately affecting vulnerable populations.One of Mali’s major achievements, with UNICEF support, has been the halving of maternal mortality rates, from 660 per 100,000 live births in 2010, to 317 in 2023. Neonatal mortality rates dropped from 39 deaths to 33.4 deaths per 1,000 live births and under-five mortality from 130 to 94 per 1,000 live births.Approximately 1.26 million Malians were food insecure, a decrease of 30%compared to 2022. However, stunting rates among children under five are high (at 21.9% over the last two years), although lower than the African average of 30% in 2022.About 8.8 million people (34% of the population), including 391,961 internally displaced people (56% children), needed humanitarian assistance, compared to 7.5 million in 2022. Conflict-related violence led to a protection crisis: 1.6 million children needed protection (compared to 1.5 million in 2022).