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© UNICEF Maldives/2015

Maldives country profile

The Republic of Maldives is a Small Island Development State (SIDS) with a population of 407,660, including foreign expatriate from last census in 2014. The country is spread out over 90,000 square kilometers and some 187 inhabited islands, making it one of the worlds’ most geographically dispersed. Children (0 -17 years of age) represented is 112,313 almost 33 per cent of the population according to the Census 2014. Malé, the capital accounts for 38 per cent of the overall Maldivian population. With an average ground level elevation of 1.5 meters above sea level, it is the planet's lowest country with implications for its future.

The Maldives has evidenced numerous development successes over the past decade. It graduated to a middle income country status in 2011 with a remarkable economic growth of almost 3 per cent in 2015, largely due to the rapid expansion of tourism. GND per capita is US $ 7,339 in 2015. Moreover, by 2015, Maldives had achieved five of the eight Millennium Development Goals ahead of schedule, making it South Asia’s only “MDG+” country. The Maldives’ Human Development Index reached the value of 0.688 making it the highest ranking country in South Asia, and globally 104 out of 187 countries. The main reasons for this impressive development have been the Maldives’ government commitment to major budgetary allocations, approaching 50 percent to the social sectors. Despite these impressive developments, the figures mask various challenges and underlying inequalities.




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