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UNICEF welcomes Malaysia’s plans to ratify child rights optional protocols

The State of the World's Children 2011
Decision underscores country's commitment to protecting children and adolescents not just in Malaysia but across the world

KUALA LUMPUR, 9 September 2011 – The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) applauds the Government of Malaysia’s decision to accede to the Optional Protocols of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) which prohibits the sale of children; criminalises all forms of sexual exploitation, including prostitution and pornography; and bans the recruitment and use of children by armed forces and groups.

The Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Senator Dato Seri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil shared the good news with some 100 guests, many adolescents, during yesterday’s launch of UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children 2011 report in Malaysia, themed “Adolescence – An Age of Opportunity.” (Read the speech by Dato Seri Shahrizat)

“The planned ratification of these child rights Optional Protocols is a milestone and underscores Malaysia’s commitment to protecting children not just in Malaysia, but across the world,” said UNICEF Representative to Malaysia, Mr. Hans Olsen. “The announcement to join the international community in the fight against the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography was made particularly significant as it happened in the presence of adolescents who are the main benefactors of such protection.”

Stronger protection for children

The two Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child were adopted in 2000 by the United Nations General Assembly to stem the growing abuse and exploitation of children worldwide and increase the protection of children from involvement in armed conflicts and from sexual exploitation. Both Optional Protocols became legally binding in 2002.

“The two protocols provide stronger protection and complements those already enshrined in the CRC,” added Mr. Olsen. “For example, the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography details requirements to end the sexual exploitation and abuse of children. It also protects children from being sold for non-sexual purposes—such as other forms of forced labour, illegal adoption and organ donation.”

The ratification of the Optional Protocols means the Malaysian government accepts the obligation to respect, protect, promote and fulfil the rights of the child and signifies an agreement to be legally bound by the terms of the Convention. Governments that ratify these treaties must report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the body of experts charged with monitoring a country’s implementation of the Convention and Optional Protocols. These reports outline the situation of children in the country and explain the measures taken to realise their rights.

Universal ratification

In 2010, on the 10th Anniversary of the CRC Optional Protocols, the United Nations launched a Campaign which called for universal ratification of the Optional Protocols. The campaign also called on for countries to ensure the Protocols are effectively implemented by incorporating them into national legislation, policy and planning, and providing victim protection and rehabilitation programs.

To date, 147 countries have ratified the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, and 142 have ratified the Optional on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict.



Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is an international treaty that recognises the human rights of children, which include: the right to survival; the right to develop to the fullest; the right to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and the right to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. Since the adoption of the Convention in 1989, countries have adopted new constitutions which include child rights and some countries have adopted consolidated child right statutes, such as Child Acts. Malaysia ratified the CRC in 1995.

Optional Protocols to the CRC
An "Optional Protocol" to a United Nations treaty is an additional document added to an existing treaty, sometimes years after the treaty has come into force. An optional protocol can include more detail about matters that were in the original treaty, or it can deal with issues that have come up since the treaty was written. The optional protocol can add rights and obligations that were not in the original treaty. Also, the protocol can provide for procedures related to the treaty.

§ The Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography draws special attention to the criminalisation of these serious violations of children's rights and emphasises the importance of fostering increased public awareness and international cooperation in efforts to combat them.

§ The Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict establishes 18 as the minimum age for compulsory recruitment and requires States to do everything they can to prevent individuals under the age of 18 from taking a direct part in hostilities.

The State of the World's Children
The State of the World’s Children is UNICEF’s annual flagship report. It is the most comprehensive survey of global trends affecting children and provides the most thorough almanac of up-to-date statistical data on children. SOWC is referred globally by governments, NGOs, and academic institutions as the authority on childhood. It is widely used by UNICEF to mobilise support from all sectors to advance the rights of children to survival, development and protection. This year’s report titled “Adolescence: An Age of Opportunity” underscores adolescence as an age of opportunity for children, and a pivotal time for us to build on children's development in the first decade of life, to help them navigate risks, and to set them on the path to fulfilling their potential.

For more information, please contact:

Indra Kumari Nadchatram
UNICEF Media, Kuala Lumpur
(+6.03) 2095 9157 ● (+6) 012 292 6872

Davina Chan
UNICEF Media, Kuala Lumpur
(+6.03) 2095 9154 ext 2236 ● (+6) 016 914 1600





Convention on the Rights of the Child

Malaysia: child rights

Say No to Violence Against Children

SOWC 2011 Report

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