Media centre

News Releases

Reporters' toolkit

Ethical guidelines

Hot topics

Children and media

Calendar 2016

Press contacts


Prevention – What you need to do!

© UNICEF/Create!

1. Keep your distance from coughs and sneezes.
Flu is passed on through tiny droplets of water that come out during talking, spitting, coughing and sneezing. Infected droplets can travel at least one meter from a person carrying the virus. Close sustained contact with an infected person is more likely to transmit infection. Keeping a distance will help protect from infection.

What you need to do:

§ Stay at least 1 metre away from people who are coughing and sneezing.

§ Avoid touching, hand-shaking and kissing.

§ Avoid crowded spaces whenever possible.

2. Stay at home if you are ill.
Early rest as soon as symptoms develop will usually improve the chances of sick people recovering faster. Limiting the movement of sick people will also prevent the spread of the virus. Most influenza patients will have mild symptoms which can be taken care of at home.

What you need to do:

§ Stay at home for 7 days after your symptoms begin or until you have been symptom-free for 24 hours, whichever is longer.

§ Ask others to help with daily chores.

§ Monitor your symptoms.

§ Seek immediate medical attention if there are danger signs.

3. Cover your cough and sneezes.
People may be infected and start spreading the virus before symptoms show. Always cover the nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing as these can cause spread the virus.

What you need to do:

§ Use a single-use tissue if possible.

§ Dispose used tissue immediately after use.

4. Wash hands immediately.
Wash your hands with soap and water. Good hand hygiene helps protect people from respiratory infections. Droplets from an infected person who sneezes and coughs will land on hands or surfaces. If healthy people touch infected hands or surfaces and bring their hands to their own mouths and noses, they too can get infected.

What you need to do:

§ Wash hands frequently – before eating, after coughing or sneezing, after the toilet and after removing face cover.

§ Always use soap and water and rub surfaces thoroughly for 15 seconds.

§ Keep hands away from your face.





Crisis Preparedness and Response Centre

     Ministry of Health
   8.00 am - 5.30 pm


  Government Hospitals
   Care Clinics (private)

Got the flu?

Protect yourself.
Learn how!

Clean hands save lives


 Email this article

Donate Now

unite for children