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Laws and Codes


In Malaysia, there are existing Codes that serve as a point of reference for media professionals aiming to find a compromise between inclusion and protection, selective publicity and appropriate privacy, and address other debates that children’s involvement in media can generate.

Malaysia’s Children and Young Persons (Employment) Act 1966 provides a legal framework that determines children and young people’s employment, including for public entertainment.

The media – print, broadcast, advertising and film production are encouraged to refer to the following Act and Codes of Ethics when considering working with children.

Children and Young Persons (Employment) Act 1966
Government of Malaysia
The Act defines a child as a person under 14 years of age and a young person as under 16. It sets forth the type of work children and young people can be engaged in, as well as days and hours of work. The Act forbids night work and any work that may harm a child or young person.

Communications and Multimedia Content Code (v 6)
Communications & Multimedia Content Forum of Malaysia
The Content Code sets out guidelines and procedures for good practice for the communications and multimedia industry in Malaysia. It has sections that regulate developing content suitable for children; as well as using children and women in advertising.

Code of Advertising Practice (2008)
Advertising Standards Authority Malaysia
The Code which aims to regulate commercial advertising carries a special section on advertising to children. It is a fundamental part of the system of control by which Malaysian advertising regulates its activities.





Children in the Media

A Guide to Media Policy in Malaysia. Read

Ethical Reporting Guidelines

Principles and guidelines for ethical reporting on children and young people under 18 years old. Read


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