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AIDS in Malaysia

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Malaysia is home to one of the fastest growing AIDS epidemics in the East Asia and Pacific region. Between the first detected case in 1986 and 2010, 91,362* men, women and children have been notified infected with HIV; while 12,943* have died of AIDS.

HIV and AIDS in 2010:

§ New HIV infections notified in 2010:   3,652

§ AIDS related deaths notified in 2010:   904

§ Average daily new infections in 2010:  10 a day

Statistics Overview

While Malaysia’s epidemic was initially dominated by injecting drug use, there is concern today over the rise in heterosexual transmission of HIV. In 2010, 40% of new reported HIV cases were attributed to heterosexual intercourse, a dramatic increase from 27% in 2009.

The proportion of women reported with HIV has also increased dramatically in the last decade, from 4% of new cases in 1995 to 12% in 2005 and 18% in 2010. Ministry of Health data reveal that in 2010, more housewives tested HIV-positive than sex workers, with a ratio of 1 sex worker for every 13 housewives.

Thankfully, the Government sponsored prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission (PMTC) program has kept the percentage of babies born with HIV low at around 1% of notified cases in 2010.

As in most parts of the world, young people in Malaysia remain vulnerable to HIV. The Ministry of Health statistics show that 1 in 4 new reported cases of HIV in 2010 were between the age of 13 and 29 years old. It is likely that people infected with HIV before the age of 30 were infected in their twenties and sometimes even during their teens.

Gender inequity, silence, denial and ignorance fuel the epidemic in Malaysia. Urban and rural children and adolescents' vulnerability to HIV further increases a result of sexual and physical violence, incest, sex work, human trafficking, underage and unprotected sex. Children with HIV have been reported to have faced stigma and exposed to and experience acts of discrimination which lead to ostracisation, exploitation, homelessness and loss of education.

* Source: Ministry of Health, Malaysia

Drugs,HIV and AIDS







Malaysia Report 2010

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The Malaysian Launch
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Narrated by Asha Gill.

Resources: HIV + AIDS


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