Poliovirus Outbreak Response Situation Report 2

Polio response in Malawi

Lezita Biston gets her daughter vaccinated against polio
UNICEF Malawi/2022/HD Plus


  • On 16 February 2022, Malawi received confirmation of Wild Poliovirus Type 1 (WPV1) from an
    acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) case in Lilongwe
  • The date of onset of this case was 19 November 2021 and stool samples were collected on 26 and 27 November 2021
  • The isolated WPV1 virus was highly divergent from the closest genetic relative and is virologically linked to circulation in Pakistan in 2019.
  • Since its last isolation in Pakistan, the circulation of the reported virus was missed for about 2 years
  • ¬†Within 24 hours of the outbreak notification, the Government of Malawi declared Public Health Emergency and activated Emergency Operation Centre to address the Polio Outbreak
  • ¬†Within 72 hours, global support from GPEI Rapid Response Team arrived in the country to support outbreak response
  • The response plan includes at least 4 rounds of nationwide supplementary immunization campaigns (SIA) using bivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (bOPV) in Malawi. The first response round is scheduled to start on 21st March 2022
  • Operational budgets have been developed and approved; prefinancing of response operations are being provided
Ministry of Health
Publication date


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