Basic Education and Youth Development


Early childhood development

Adolescent development

Basic quality education



Basic quality education

UNICEF Malawi/2014/Ganesh

Basic quality education is a fundamental right for every child enshrined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. However, in Malawi, the 2011 Welfare and Monitoring Survey indicated that 21.6 percent of persons aged 6-29 have never attended school. The education sector faces a number of challenges such as lack of qualified teachers, inadequate classrooms, shortage of teaching and learning materials, poor sanitation facilities among others. Currently the teacher to pupil ratio is 1:95. Only 23 percent of schools possess adequate sanitary facilities. To address the above challenges faced by the primary education sector, UNICEF supports advocacy and policy dialogue at all levels on the importance of providing quality basic education for all children through flexible approaches.

Key Result

To ensure that National education sector strategies and systems are strengthened to address low survival rates and high internal systemic inefficiencies and support provided to ensure that schools in 10 low performing districts record at least 50 percent increased retention, learning achievement, survival to grade 8 and transition rates to secondary education

Strategies and Actions

  1. Develop a national education assessment system for routine monitoring of the quality of student learning in primary schools
  2. Support the training of both in-service and pre-service with a specific focus on female teachers
  3. Support training of teachers to acquire knowledge and skills to enable them deliver the National Education Curriculum in at least 1,000 schools in low performing districts by 2016
  4. Continue to pursue the Child Friendly Schools approach. 1,000 schools are being targeted
  5. Invest in interventions aimed at getting all children in school, ensuring they are retained and complete school
  6. Focus on promoting basic quality education for all children, especially girls, children with disabilities and those living in conditions of disparity, discrimination and/or exclusion.



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