Madagascar WASH Investment case

Executive summary

Lavage des mains au savon (Ecole préscolaire Sahavola)


Major bottlenecks in the WASH sector during the last decade have been:

  • weak sector alignment to national policies and strategies;
  • lack of decentralized capacity for the provision and monitoring of WASH services beyond regional structures;
  • lack of investment in the sector;
  • large inequities between urban/rural and among different regions not addressed systematically in national plans.

But since the end of the political crisis and within the framework of the National Development Plan 2015 (PND), the sector has developed:

  • A Sustainable Service Delivery Strategy;
  • Costed Plans for all regions (BPORs) with clear investment priorities to address inequities and assure sustainability;
  • A revised National Monitoring System (SE&AM);
  • Model approaches: Social Norms approach to sanitation, multi-sector (health, education, agriculture) approach to WASH service provision;
  • Evidence on good practices for scale-up of WASH service provision.

However, the WASH sector continues to be extremely underfunded with investment levels far below from what Madagascar needs to meet the SDG 6 target on safe Water and Sanitation.

Madagascar WASH investment case
Ministry of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (MEEH), UNICEF
Publication date


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