Fight against climate change, the challenge to accelerate the implementation of sustainable solutions for a better access to water.
Mahajanga, 25 November 2021 - The National Policy of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene has set a target: “By 2030, to ensure the environmental sustainability of water resources as natural resources in a context of climate change, in order to sustainably benefit from their uses. These uses include those of households, agriculture, business, mining, etc." In this context, the Ministry of WASH, with the support of the United Nations Systems, organised at the Baobab Tree on 25 and 26 November, 2021, a mini-symposium whose theme is: Accelerating the implementation of sustainable solutions for a better access to water.
The objective is to create an event that will mobilize stakeholders, including the Private Sector, to help implement related sustainable solutions in order to accelerate the implementation of the necessary prevention, mitigation and adaptation actions in the face of water scarcity and climate change. The issues to be addressed during the two days of the Symposium will be water scarcity and climate change as factors of conflict and migration; the impacts of climate change on water resources and productivity; the needed skills in the water sector; and the commitment of the Public-Private Partnership in the water sector.
Indeed, Madagascar, due to its insularity, has been ranked among the most vulnerable countries to climate change, as noted in analyses carried out at the international level. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), vulnerability to climate change is defined as the degree to which a system is likely to, or proves unable to cope with the adverse effects of climate changes, including climate variability and extreme weather conditions.
Lack of water due to climate change is one of the factors of conflict and migration, as communities and populations compete in finding water resources. However, these displacements put even more pressure on existing basic social services. Other key sectors such as agriculture, industry, energy, ... are also affected by water scarcity, leading to a usage conflict.
In his speech, the Director General of the Ministry of WASH mentioned that this event will result in considerable collective work – a valuable opportunity to address common problems and issues of concern – to share experiences and knowledge regarding in particular climate change. This mini-conference is presented as an opportunity to discuss relevant topics.
The United Nations System, through the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and UNICEF are supporting this symposium to strengthen, find, implement/expedite sustainable solutions related to access to water resources. Other agencies such as UNIDO, FAO, WFP, IFAD, IAEA, UNDP…. already support and will continue to support the implementation of the solutions.
The achievement of the SDG targets (related to water and climate change) by Madagascar necessarily requires, among other things, substantial investments in the construction and management (as a matter of urgency) of resilient infrastructures to climate change, the promotion of the implementation and use of adequate and pollution-free sanitation facilities. It is therefore imperative that everyone becomes involved in behaviour change and contributes to the constant promotion of water resources and heritage management, and to the adoption of a behaviour for halting climate change.
“The climate crisis is a crisis of children's rights”. According to a UNICEF study in 2021, Madagascar is among the top ten countries in the world where children are most at risk of suffering the effects of climate change. It is crucial to act now to help them, as they are the best agents of change and to prevent them from being liable (in their turn) for passing on the climate change-related bad legacy to other generations.
A propos d'UNICEF
L’UNICEF travaille dans les endroits les plus inhospitaliers du monde pour atteindre les enfants les plus défavorisés. Dans 190 pays et territoires, nous travaillons pour chaque enfant, partout, afin de construire un monde meilleur pour tous.