The issue

What we do

What we achieve


What we achieve

girls giving thumbs up
© UNICEF Madagascar/2010
School-girls participate in a Contracts for Schools Success initiative to improve their school in the village of Andranomena.

Working in line with Millennium Development Goals 2 and 3, UNICEF's Education for Development and Gender Equality programme contributes to achieving an 85 percent primary school completion rate by 2012. Despite the continuing challenges facing Madagascar's education system, the country has made progress towrards achieving this goal.

The number of children enrolled in primary school increased from nearly 2.5 million in 2001/2002 to nearly 4.5 million in 2008/2009. The number of primary school teachers increased from 67,000 in 2004/2005 to 85,000 in 2007/2008 – an increase of almost 20,000 teachers in three years. In the same time, the number of primary schools increased by 3751.

Madagascar has made important progress towards Millennium Development Goals 2 and 3 on gender and equality.

Initiatives that reduce the direct cost to parents of schooling their children – such as providing all first grade students with ‘school kits’ including exercise books and pens and pencils, and gradually taking on the payment of previously community-funded teachers – have been vital in increasing school enrolment.

In collaboration with partners, UNICEF has supported the implementation and expansion of these initiatives to ensure that more children have access to primary education.

children study in environmentally sound child friendly school
© UNICEF Madagascar/2009
Children study in a new primary school in the village of Ambohitranivo, an 'eco-school' pilot project. The school was built to child friendly standards using local materials and environmentally sound building methods.

UNICEF’s support in the procurement and distribution of equipment for district education offices and pedagogical support centres has helped these centres build capacity and improve the standard of education for children. In 2010, around 1.1 million children benefitted from a new curriculum, including the training of 11,955 teachers; and nearly 1,000 junior secondary school tearhcers were trained to improve the teaching practices for over 28,000 students, including almost 3,000 girls receiving specific support.

Since Madagascar’s political crisis in 2009, UNICEF has played a major role in maintaining international funding for the education sector, and has been instrumental in channeling this funding directly to schools and teachers to ensure that children are the direct beneficiaries. 

UNICEF is committed to continuing all of its activities in this time of socio-political instability, working to prevent the erosion of the education system and safeguard development gains made in recent years.In 2010 alone, over 10,000 schools with around 2 million children received US$200 each to help alleviate financial stress on local communities; and over 38,000 community teachers received salaries through funds managed by UNICEF to ensure full payment for the 2009/2010 school year, enabling over 4 million children to continue their education.

The combined impact of all of UNICEF's ongoing work is to contribute to reinforcing the capacity of Madagascar's education system, allowing more children, especially the most vulnerable, access to quality education.  





Regional perspective

Find out more about UNICEF's regional experience in this report, 'Child Friendly Schools: Emerging practices in Eastern and Southern Africa.'

Schools for Africa

Scalability and sustainability are the key elements of UNICEF's Schools for Africa campaign, in which UNICEF works with 11 African countries in most need of support to develop their education systems. 

Find out more here.  


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