30 April 2024

Caught in the Crossfire

Six months into the cross-border conflict between Lebanon and Israel, hostilities along the border have intensified, marked by near-daily airstrikes that have progressively hit deeper into Lebanon. These strikes have damaged civilian infrastructure and facilities and have resulted in the death of 344 people, including 8 children and 21 women, as well as injured 75 children. This conflict is the latest crisis to impact Lebanon, which has already been devastated by a protracted economic and political crisis. The conflict has reduced access to essential services, such as health and education – worsening an already dire situation for children and their communities. As of the end of April, almost 90,000 people, including over 30,000 children, have been displaced from their homes.The current conflict has exacerbated a pre-existing education crisis in Lebanon. Up to 20,000 children in the South of the country have had a disrupted school year; with negative impacts on their ability to build the foundational literacy, numeracy and life skills they need for a brighter future. Continued disruption to in-person teaching and learning heightens risks like child labour and early marriage for the most vulnerable children including children with disabilities and girls and adolescent young women. Even before the current conflict, over 700,000 children were out of school and not learning. The continued disruption to education, especially in the South, risks making it even harder for Out of School Children to be in school, for longer and learning more.By December 2023, 16% of families resorted to sending children to work, up from 11% in April, with Syrian refugee families particularly affected.4 Access to services, notably public healthcare, is declining due to financial constraints, energy shortages, and a lack of resources and medication. Most wastewater treatment plants are non-functional, leading to environmental degradation and water contamination. The current conflict has only worsened these conditions, leading to a surge in humanitarian needs across the country – requiring urgent action to address the pressing needs of the most vulnerable children.
25 October 2022

Cholera

Cholera outbreak continues to spread in Lebanon. Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium "Vibrio Cholerae". It can be transmitted through contaminated water or food, and can spread quickly in areas with limited access to basic services like clean water, sanitation, and…, What are the symptoms of cholera?, Severe watery diarrhea, often without fever, may lead to dehydration. Symptoms of dehydration: Thirst Decreased skin elasticity Eyes drooping Weakness or fatigue, What are the methods of preventing cholera infection?, The methods of preventing cholera infection: Drink or use safe water Wash hands with soap and water for at least twenty seconds Cook food very well Avoid eating food exposed to insects and flies Maintain cleanliness of the house, especially toilets and garbage places (use of chlorine) Avoid drinking from the same vessel as others Maintaining…, What should be done when a case of cholera appears?, When a case of cholera appears, you must: Isolate the patient and get rid of feces by hygienic methods. Sterilize all contaminated materials such as clothes and bedding by using chlorine and water. Cleaning and sterilizing hands that come into contact with the cholera patient or his clothes, etc., with chlorinated water or other effective…, How is Cholera treated?, Cholera is treated with oral rehydration salts (ORS). If it is not available, oral rehydration salts can be prepared at home in the following manner, provided that clean and safe water is used: Half a teaspoon of table salt 6 full teaspoons of sugar 1 liter clean water Cholera Flyer EN Cholera Flyer 2 EN “UNICEF is employing every effort to…, How is UNICEF helping?, Cholera outbreak was announced on 6 th October, and UNICEF has scaled-up its response: Procured emergency medical supplies including 182,000 Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) and 50 Cholera Treatment Kits to support treatment of 5,000 cholera cases Delivered Chlorinated Trucked water, wastewater desludging and ensured disinfection in informal…
15 June 2022

Synthesis of the crisis impact on Lebanon

Lebanon’s economic, social and security situation has rapidly deteriorated since the October 2019 protests calling for an overhaul of the government and is now facing a “triple crisis” caused by the economic meltdown, the global COVID-19 pandemic and Beirut blast on August 4th, which devasted its capital. As a result, a wide segment of the Lebanese and non-Lebanese population has fallen below the poverty line, with livelihoods of those already living in poverty worsened due to inflation, a decline in employment opportunities, and a reduction in basic social service provision. Businesses have faced temporary and permanent closures since spring 2020 due to continued supply chain disruptions and reduced business traffic. Of the total 363 sampled small-scale enterprises in Lebanon, 51% temporarily stopped operations, and of 1,987 interviewed workers, 84% were laid off and 94% saw their wages largely reduced, leading to a surge of unemployment which saw a drastic increase. The COVID-19 crisis also exacerbated pre-existing employment and education disparities, reducing opportunities for many of the most vulnerable populations. Lebanon currently houses around 6 million Lebanese and non-Lebanese residents, 44% under the age of 24, a relatively high youth percentage compared to the global average. As the triple crisis continues to worsen, youth are struggling to find hope, support and opportunities amid mounting despair.