12 April 2024

How to talk to your children about hate speech

👉 Follow us on WhatsApp Channels: Recibe información por WhatsApp UNICEF Parenting Hub  to get daily tips. You might also be interested in: Home Parenting  | Food and nutrition Food and nutrition  | Early learning Early learning  | Nurturing care Nurturing care  | Security and protection Security and protection  |  Short masterclasses for parents…, Hate speech facts, What is hate speech?, Hate speech can be described as any kind of communication in speech, writing or behaviour that attacks or discriminates against a person or group’s identity, such as religion, ethnicity, nationality, race, colour, descent, disability, age, gender or sexual orientation. Hate speech can also include other “identity factors”, like language, economic…, How are children affected by hate speech?, Children and young people are particularly vulnerable to hate speech, both online and in person. When children hear or read hate speech aimed at them directly or a part of their identity – such as their race, colour or gender – it can make them feel like there is something different or wrong about them. This can impact their self-esteem and can…, Hate speech vs free speech, Freedom of expression is a human right and tackling hate speech protects this right. It’s possible to disagree with or criticize an individual or group without threatening their well-being and safety. Hate speech limits freedom of expression as those targeted by hateful language do not feel safe expressing themselves freely., What is trolling?, “Trolling” is when someone posts or comments online to provoke a reaction from others. Trolling aims to disrupt, get attention and cause distress. It becomes hate speech when the actions promote hatred and discrimination against a person or group’s identity, such as their gender, race or sexual orientation. People involved in trolling will often…, How to talk to your children about hate speech, Conversations about issues like hate, racism, sexism and xenophobia can be uncomfortable for many parents. But it is important to try to create a safe space for your child to be able to speak to you and share anything that is on their mind. Conversations will look different for every family, but remember: You know your child best. Use age-…, 1. Educating your child about hate speech, Explain to your child that everyone has a right to be safe in society and treated with dignity and respect. Hate speech is always wrong and it’s on all of us to reject it. Explore together what hate speech is, so your child can identify it, whether it happens to them or someone else. Here are some questions you can explore together: What do you…, 2. Hate speech online, The Internet and social media enable us to connect with friends and family, pursue interests and be part of communities. Sadly, the same digital tools and platforms can also enable hateful content to be created easily, often anonymously, and shared widely fast. Hate speech has the potential to spread online to a global audience and can resurface…, 3. Talk openly and frequently to your children, The more you talk to your children about topics like hate speech, racism and xenophobia, the more comfortable they will be to come to you if they experience it. Find opportunities to talk about these topics in your daily routine. For example, if something relevant comes up on TV, you could ask your child what they know about the topic and what…, 4. Stand against hate speech, Remember that you are the example that your child follows and be mindful of your own words and actions, including online. Take every opportunity to reject hate speech and stand up for every person's right to be treated with dignity and respect. Explain to your child that if we witness hate speech, we can show support to the person or people…, 5. Embrace diversity, Explain to your child that we aren’t all the same and that is a good thing. The world would be a very boring place if everyone was the same. Encouraging openness and curiosity can help children to notice differences and appreciate them. It fosters conversation, understanding and empathy with people who are different from them. > Read: Talking…, What should I do if my child experiences hate speech?, All children have the right to protection from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse. Any incidents of hate speech need to be taken very seriously. Depending on the situation, you may need to report it to your child’s school, to the platform it happened on or to the police.  , Listen and reassure, If your child has experienced hate speech, the first step is to give them time to explain what happened. Listen carefully and tell them that you are glad they came to you. Focus on making them feel heard and supported. Your child is more likely to open up to you if you stay calm about what you hear. Be clear that hate speech is wrong and that your…, Hate speech at your child’s school, If the hate speech was from a student at your child’s school, record the evidence if possible and report it to the school. Discuss with the school authorities how they will protect your child’s right to be safe, as well as what consequences there will be for the sender of the hate speech. Discipline should always be immediate, non-violent and…, Hate speech from someone outside your child’s school, If the hate speech is from someone outside your child’s school, document any evidence and consider reporting it to the police. Don’t hesitate to speak to the police if you have any concerns for your child’s safety.  , Hate speech online, Record the evidence and report it to the social media platform. Check what tools are available on the platform/s to block or restrict the sender. Here are reporting and safety resources for many popular platforms: Facebook Instagram Kik Snapchat TikTok Tumblr WeChat WhatsApp X (formerly Twitter) YouTube
28 November 2023

Cradling hope through skin-to-skin contact

👉 Follow us on our WhatsApp channel:  Recibe información por WhatsApp UNICEF Parenting Portal  for more tips. You may also be interested in: Home Parenting  | Food and nutrition Food and nutrition  | Early learning Early learning  | Nurturing care Nurturing care  | Health Health | Security and protection Security and protection  |  Short…, Why is skin-to-skin contact so important? , "The importance of the Kangaroo Family Care Programme goes beyond a simple technical and medical methodology; it is a story of love, resilience and the power that human touch has to change lives and make a difference".  enfermera está ayudando a una madrea a cargar a su bebe recien nacido en el pecho, plan canguro The method involves holding the…, Emotion in every heartbeat , The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is divided into several sections, depending on the severity of the patients’ condition. "On average, we take care of no more than 130 babies a day, however, lately, we are treating over 140 patients," says Dr. Fadlallah.  The Panama Children's Hospital has implemented significant changes in its neonatal care unit as…, Company during the process , When Arantxa was born, her lungs were not fully developed, and she had low birth weight: "She had surgery at 20 days." "Now Arantxa is 33 weeks and one day old. It was a natural birth, and she weighed 3 pounds," says her mom, Karen Vernaza, with great pride.  Nurse Orellana was the one who introduced her, and the rest of the families, to the…, “If he can fight, I can too” , bebé recién nacido, en el pecho de su madre, en cuidados intensivos en plan canguro Jennyfer Simpson and her baby, Lian Jennyfer Simpson gave birth to Lian at 32 weeks of pregnancy: "Learning to use the wrap was simple, and for me, this experience has been beautiful. With the Kangaroo Family Care Programme, I have strengthened the bond with my…, Teamwork is key , In the ICU, it is increasingly common to find fathers who are fully involved and committed to the Kangaroo Family Care Programme. For the programme team, this has been essential to ensure that the responsibility does not only fall on mothers. "Dads love it, and most of them are very happy to do it".  One of these dads is 20-year-old Javier Barrios…, Love Stories, Happy Endings , bebé prematuro, apoyado en el pecho de su madre, plan canguro. Yoryelis Guruchaga with her baby, Carl Yoryelis Guruchaga, a dental student in Panama City and native of Bocas del Toro, broke her water at just 32 weeks of pregnancy. Then Carl was born: "He cried like any child, but he would get tired, breathing was difficult for him."  She believes…
20 May 2022

How play strengthens your child’s mental health

Play is how young children learn and make sense of the world around them. While they are having fun, they are working on critical parts of their development like building motor, cognitive, social and emotional skills. But the power of play extends beyond early learning: it also plays a key role in building your child’s mental health – and yours…, Play helps to strengthen the bond between you and your child, Sharing in joyful moments of fun and learning helps bring children and their caregivers closer together. As your little one's first playmate, you have the ability to provide opportunities for learning and connection right at home. When you play together, you get to see the world from your child’s perspective. By providing your child with love,…, Play helps reduce stress levels, Playing games, dancing and singing are great ways to relieve stress for both your child and you. When you’re enjoying fun moments and laughing together, your body releases endorphins that promote a feeling of well-being. Even short periods of play together can serve as a powerful reminder for adults of their ability to support their child, and…, Play helps children process difficult emotions, When children are dealing with complex emotional issues, it often shows up in their play. Giving children space to play allows them to work through feelings such as pain, fear or loss while being able to still act like a child. Play gives them a way to express things they are struggling with that they don’t yet have the words to fully explain. By…, Play helps to build confidence, Solving problems and coming up with creative solutions during a game or while working on a puzzle give children a sense of accomplishment and competence. When you take time to play with your child, your little one is learning that they are valued and fun to be around. It is important that you give your full attention during playtime and invest in…
10 March 2022

7 questions about babies every new parent asks

👉 Follow us on our WhatsApp channel:  Recibe información por WhatsApp UNICEF Parenting Portal  for more tips. You may also be interested in: Home Parenting  | Food and nutrition Food and nutrition  | Early learning Early learning  | Nurturing care Nurturing care  | Health Health | Security and protection Security and protection  |  Short…, Transcript of '7 questions about babies every new parents asks: Mini Parenting Master Class' video, “Did you know that your baby is developing memory from as young as two or three weeks of age? A baby as young as two or three weeks will remember your smell. You’ve asked me lots of questions that many parents have about their young child growing up and I’m here to answer them. Hi, my name is Professor Frank Oberklaid and this is my Mini Parenting…, Why do babies sleep so much?, “Babies don’t know that the norm is to sleep at night-time and be awake during the day. So they sleep in bursts of three or four hours usually, wake up to have a feed and then go back to sleep. As their brain develops, there are reasons for them not to sleep because there are things to be curious about; they’re engaging with their world, parents…, Can a baby’s brain be stimulated while it’s still in the womb?, “For some time, a number of years ago, it was thought that babies being exposed to classical music made them smarter. There’s no real evidence that babies listening to classical music makes them more intelligent. On the other hand, it certainly doesn’t hurt. So if parents want to introduce music into the household, that’s a great idea because as…, How does nutrition affect brain development?, “A baby will get all the nutritional needs they need from breastmilk and we say that it’s really important for mothers to try to breastfeed. After that, that’s when there’s a danger period for some children in some countries where there’s food insecurity, where the quality, the diversity isn’t there, where there isn’t enough food to put on the…, Why do babies need human touch?, “There’s pretty good research evidence now about the importance of touch in newborn babies, not just for human beings but, in fact, all animal species. We talk sometimes about kangaroo care, about placing a newborn baby on the mother from a very early stage and that’s comforting for the child, it’s [also] calming for the mother. So for lots and…, How much should you actively engage with your child?, “Children are innately curious; they want to explore their environment. Everything’s so new, it’s a big world out there and so parents shouldn’t get in the way of that. What they should do is make sure the child is perfectly safe. Don’t try and structure the child too much. But there are many learning opportunities, for example, sing to the child…, How should we approach and encourage language learning?, “As the young infant and toddler starts to develop language like, very simple things – ‘dog’, ‘bye bye’, ‘ta ta’ etc. etc. – parents can reinforce that, they can mirror that, they can mimic that. Young children love repetition, so to hear the same song again and again, to read the same book again and again, they’ll start to see what the patterns…, What’s the best way to teach your child different languages?, “I think what’s important is to have some sort of consistency, so the young child isn’t confused. So sometimes one parent, one language works. Sometimes one activity, one language works. But at the end of the day, the kids are going to sort it out themselves and use both languages in an appropriate way. In those early years of life, what babies…
10 March 2022

How music affects your baby’s brain

👉 Follow us on our WhatsApp channel:  Recibe información por WhatsApp UNICEF Parenting Portal  for more tips. You may also be interested in: Home Parenting  | Food and nutrition Food and nutrition  | Early learning Early learning  | Nurturing care Nurturing care  | Health Health | Security and protection Security and protection  |  Short…, Transcript of “How music affects your baby’s brain: Mini Parenting Master Class” video, Did you know a lullaby will make your baby calmer because it slows down her heart? Music is the most important thing in our life. Is your baby getting enough music? My name is Dr. Ibrahim Baltagi and this is my Mini Parenting Master Class on how music affects your baby’s brain., What effect does music have on babies in the womb?, It is proven that music has a role in brain development before birth. Listening to music during pregnancy will not only have a soothing and uplifting effect on the pregnant woman, but also a positive influence on the unborn baby. Around 16─18 weeks of pregnancy, the little one hears its very first sound. By 24 weeks, the little ears start to…, What music should a pregnant mother listen to?, In the third trimester, the baby will be definitely able to hear the music you play. Classical music, gentle sounds like lullabies, nice melodies that inspire happiness all are designed to be soothing., How can music help develop a young child’s brain?, Music ignites all areas of child development and skills for school readiness, particularly in the areas of language acquisition and reading skills. Learning to play a musical instrument can improve mathematical learning, and even increases school scores., How can you use music to soothe your baby to help her sleep?, Music inspires emotions, so music can be a popular recommendation to soothe the little one peacefully. And it is a welcome addition to the baby’s sleep routine. The music must be soft, soothing, relaxing, to create a calm atmosphere to nurture their sleeping patterns. A familiar tune or music or song becomes like a session of music therapy. Slow,…, Where do lullabies come from?, The English word “lullaby” is thought to come from the “lala” or “lulu” sounds made by mothers or nurses to calm children. “Bye” is another lulling sound, or a term to say “goodnight”. A lullaby, or so-called cradle song, has a story to soothe babies and small children to sleep. Lullabies are found in every culture and sung in every language.…, What are the best musical instruments for toddlers?, There are many ways in which you can create music with your child for free. Vocal chords are the only innate instruments that are created in a human being. There are other instruments that we can use, which is percussion like clapping, snapping, stomping and patting on your thighs. Also, there is  tons of stuff around your home such as if you get…, Can music help your child socialize?, There’s something about listening to music or playing it with other people that brings its own social buzz, making you feel connected to those around you. Music at early ages helps children express themselves and share feelings. Even at an early age, they can sway, bounce, move their hands in response to music they hear. They can even make up…
10 March 2022

Building babies’ brains through play

👉 Follow us on our WhatsApp channel:  Recibe información por WhatsApp UNICEF Parenting Portal  for more tips. You may also be interested in: Home Parenting  | Food and nutrition Food and nutrition  | Early learning Early learning  | Nurturing care Nurturing care  | Health Health | Security and protection Security and protection  |  Short…, Transcript of 'Building babies’ brains through play: Mini Parenting Master Class' video, "I’m Jack Shonkoff. Did you know that the most important interaction you can have with your child is through play? Building your baby’s brain sounds a little bit intimidating so step back and take a deep breath. Parenting is much more of an art than it is a science. I’m Jack Shonkoff, and this is my mini parenting master class on building babies’…, 1. Why are the early years of a child's life so critical for brain development?, The early years are important because the experiences young children have and the relationships they have with the important people in their lives literally shape the development of their brain. And that early foundation affects all the learning and behavior and physical and mental health that follows through a lifetime. It’s impossible to…, 2. What is the most important thing a parent can do to support brain development?, The most important thing that any parent can do to support the development, and particularly the brain development of a young child, is to get to know that young child, get to be able to read that child’s cues, get to be able to engage in what we call “serve and return” interaction., 3. What is 'serve and return' and what does it look like?, Serve and return is just like play. I’m getting better! So this serve and return; you get better with practice. The reason why ‘serve and return’ accurately describes what’s important about the interaction is that it goes in both directions. A baby serves a smile, a coo, a babble, a gesture, and the parent or other adult caring for that child…, 4. How is 'serve and return' related to play between parent and child?, For very young children, all important learning takes place within the context of play. Play is exploration. Play is trying things. Play is trying to kind of figure out when you do one thing, something else happens.  Play is trying to develop a sense of mastery of the world. A lot of that is done by providing an environment that is safe and…, 5. How would you advise a parent on how to do 'serve and return' in a playful way?, I would start by making the idea of ‘serve and return’ to be something that is easy, friendly and relaxing. Play can occur when you are feeding a child, when you are changing the child’s clothes, when you are bathing a child. All of those are opportunities for playful interaction and learning between adults and children. To help parents understand…, 6. Why are some games parents can play with their child to help boost their brains?, In infancy with very young babies, it’s all about interaction, kind of visual, sound, looking your baby in the eye, making that personal connection, being sensitive to your baby’s feelings. Here are some things people may not think about as games, but they’re games; they’re play.  Peekaboo – putting a cloth over your head. “Where’s baby, oh here…
10 March 2022

Baby talk

👉 Follow us on our WhatsApp channel:  Recibe información por WhatsApp UNICEF Parenting Portal  for more tips. You may also be interested in: Home Parenting  | Food and nutrition Food and nutrition  | Early learning Early learning  | Nurturing care Nurturing care  | Health Health | Security and protection Security and protection  |  Short…, Transcript of 'Baby talk: Mini Parenting Master Class' video, "Hi! My name is Dr. Marina Kalashnikova and this is my Mini Parenting Master Class on baby talk. I am a researcher and I study how babies learn language., What is baby talk?, Baby talk is much more than just a silly and cute way of talking to babies. Actually, baby talk is more about how we say things. When parents or other caregivers use baby talk, they use normal language. But they make it simpler: they repeat words a lot and speak slower. We also exaggerate our facial expressions when we talk to a baby. So, for…, Why is baby talk important?, Parents should immerse their babies in speech. Listening to more baby talk helps babies build their own language abilities. Baby talk works like a spotlight – babies hear a lot of sounds around them. But when they hear baby talk, they know that it’s time to start listening and paying attention. This happens for two reasons: First, baby talk is…, When should I use baby talk?, When we see a baby, most of us instinctively use baby talk. But it still does not come naturally to everyone. Parents should start practising baby talk from early on so they can learn what type of baby talk to use. The best time to practise baby talk is when you engage in daily routines with your baby. For example, when you’re feeding, bathing, or…