In Kyrgyzstan, infant mortality has decreased by 40 per cent for the past 15 years

However, annually in the country there are nearly 1,400 stillbirths and 2,000 newborn deaths before the age of 1 month. Approximately 80% of deaths in young children under the age of 1 year in the country occur within the first 28 days of life.

27 January 2022
UNICEF staff member in the hospital in Kyrgyzstan
UNICEF/Kyrgyzstan/2017/Voronin

BISHKEK, 27 January 2022 – The Ministry of Health of the KR has held a round table on the outcomes and recommendations on the reduction of preventable neonatal mortality and enhancing the quality of newborn care. At the event, the managers and specialists of the perinatal care service discussed the Second National Report on Perinatal Audit. This study involved 6 pilot maternity hospitals and resulted in developing recommendations for reducing preventable neonatal mortality.

Data from the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN-IGME) demonstrate significant progress toward the reduction of child mortality rates. 2020 estimates indicate that child mortality in Kyrgyzstan has decreased 73% since 1990 [1].

Since 2018, the Ministry of Health of the KR, with UNICEF’s support, has been implementing the Confidential Perinatal Audit in Kyrgyzstan, the “Perinatal Audit”, as part of the “Strengthening Mother and Child Health Care System” project funded by the Government of Japan. 

The Perinatal Audit is a tool for systematic critical analysis of perinatal care quality at all levels. It includes analysis of mortality and stillbirth causes, as well as geographic and causal factors associated with the deaths. This tool will help healthcare workers, program managers, government officials and politicians prevent new deaths. It will also alleviate the grief of parents and improve the quality of newborn care.

The “Program of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic on the protection of population’s health and development of healthcare system for 2019-2030” has encouraged Managers from the Ministry of Health and other specialists, to discuss ways to improve neonatal health care on a national level. This discussion was facilitated by technical support from UNICEF. The first National Report on Perinatal Audit was discussed in fall 2019, and the essential recommendation of the report was to continue the implementation of this tool.   

According to National Statistical Committee data, for the past 15 years, Kyrgyzstan has seen newborn mortality rates decline from 19,0 in 2004 to 12.7 in 2020). Notably, stillbirths have declined by 32.6%, and child mortality during the first week of life has declined by 40,0%.

Despite the progress, there are nearly 1,400 stillbirths and 2,000 neonatal deaths before the age of 1 month each year.[2] The newborn mortality rate in Kyrgyzstan remains high.  Nearly 80% of deaths in children under the age of 1 year in the country occur within the first 28 days of life.

For more information, please contact the press service of the Ministry of Health of the KR.

 


[1] https://childmortality.org/data/Kyrgyzstan

[2] Data from E-Health Center of the MoH of KR on neonatal mortality for 2020.

Media contacts

Mavliuda Dzhaparova
Communication Officer
UNICEF Kyrgyzstan

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