Kyrgyzstan is one of the most climate vulnerable countries in the region. The high dependence on glacial melt water for agriculture and energy, the importance of natural resources for rural livelihoods, and the energy requirements for pumping water exposes children throughout the country to hazards to health, education, nutrition, protection and lifetime opportunities, all of which are exacerbated by climate change. There are 2 million children in Kyrgyzstan.
The dangers of climate change are more pronounced for children than for adults.
Climate change threats include: higher susceptibility to vector borne diseases, undernutrition and diarrhoea; respiratory infections caused by air pollution; physical danger associated with flooding and landslides and a higher risk of abuse, exploitation, trafficking, radicalisation and child labour as climate related poverty increases. Lifelong impacts of these threats on children include reduced physical and cognitive development and long-term mental and physical health complications, poorer grades and, subsequently, a lower lifetime earning potential.