In 2016, there were 29,317 children with disabilities registered with the Ministry of Labour and Social Development and receiving state benefits. This number may be higher, as often parents feel societal stigma and don’t reach out for the services that could help. Too many children with disabilities in Kyrgyzstan end up in institutions.
In 2012, there were 3,215 children with disabilities under the age of 18 years living in institutions in Kyrgyzstan, making up 29 per cent of the total number of children in residential care.
Women and girls living with disabilities suffer even more from discrimination, violence, extreme poverty and poor health services, stemming from a combination of factors. In 2012, 10,945 children (43 per cent of registered children with disabilities) were receiving education at specialized schools, home schools and other educational institutions.
Children living with disabilities not only experience limitations deriving from interaction with non-inclusive spaces, but also lack basic services such as education, social protection, health, and rehabilitation services, especially in rural areas. In addition to limited opportunities for children with developmental delays, they are often abandoned, excluded or institutionalized due to widespread stigma. Twenty-nine per cent of all children living in residential institutions have some type of disability.
In 2012, there were 3,215 children under 18 with disabilities living in institutions in Kyrgyzstan. While further analysis into institutionalization of children with disabilities is needed, it is worth noting that family support is limited, and community-based alternative services and inclusive education are underdeveloped.
Too many children with disabilities in Kyrgyzstan end up in institutions.