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About Kosovo

Kosovo, with a population of 1.8 million (2011), is a lower middle-income economy that has experienced some economic growth over the past five years. Kosovo has made great strides since the end of the conflict in the 1990s, and the negotiations for EU accession and the signing in 2015 of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the EU provide a prospect of a better future for what is Europe’s youngest population.

Nevertheless, Kosovo faces numerous challenges. With an average GDI per capita of USD $3,940 Kosovo remains among poorest economies in Europe with an estimated 29.7% of the population living below the poverty line (2013). Kosovo still lags behind European countries in outcomes for health, education, social services, and infrastructure.

The children of Kosovo – it’s future generations – are still subject to significant obstacles in realising their basic rights. Children in rural areas are less likely to access good quality education and health care, and this is doubly so for members of ethnic minorities. Children with disabilities also face numerous challenges, and remain for a large part invisible in Kosovo. The political situation in northern Kosovo (Mitrovica region) remains complex, with many fundamental services in the fields of child protection, education, health and justice for children lacking.

While Kosovo’s economy faces many fundamental challenges, the energy and potential of Kosovo’s young work-ready population are significant economic assets. However, economic stimulation will not be met by a skilled workforce without investing in the education system, which is currently lagging behind other European nations in both quality and accessibility.

Although Kosovo cannot currently ratify the Convection on the Rights of the Child, Kosovo institutions have incorporated the Convection’s provisions in its Constitution which reflects the highest legal foundation for children’s rights. With this strategic step forward, the Kosovo institutions have expressed their readiness and good will to adopt this international act and to make its legislative system compliant with international standards and to translate it into improved services for all children.  



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