Children and youth

Key Indicators

Early years

School Years

Child Protection



Key Indicators

        Infant Mortality Rate is estimated at 12 per 1,000 live births, while among Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian children is three times higher, estimated 41 per 1000 live births.

        The under-five mortality rate: 15 deaths per 1,000 live births in the general population, and a rate of 49 deaths per 1,000 live births in the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities.

        About 12 % of all children in Kosovo under 5 years of age in Kosovo are not registered at birth.

        48.6% of children (aged 0-19) live in poverty and 18.9% of children live in extreme poverty.

        More than 60% of Roma, Ashkali Egyptian children live in absolute poverty, and over 30% in extreme poverty.

        79% of children 24-35 months old are fully immunized according to the Kosovo immunization schedule. Among Roma, Ashkalia and Egyptian communities immunization coverage is 30%.

        About 14% of children age 36-59 months attend early childhood education in Kosovo.

        75% percentage of children in first grade of primary school have attended pre-school during the previous school year.

        Only 73% of girls and 88% of boys from Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities complete primary education.

        11% of the children in Kosovo are involved in child labour, compared to 17% of children from Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities.

        80% of girls and 83% of boys attend upper secondary education.

        Unemployment rates reaches level of 43%, and rise to 73% among young people.

Around 50% of the population of Kosovo is younger than twenty five and 34% younger than 18. The children of Kosovo - it’s future generations - are still subject to significant obstacles in realizing their basic rights. Children in rural areas are less likely to access good quality education and health care, and this is doubly so for members of ethnic minorities and those living in displacement camps. Children with disabilities also face numerous challenges, and remain for a large part invisible in Kosovo.

Health and education systems have struggled to modernize, with limited financial and human resources. The political situation in northern Kosovo (Mitrovica region) remains complex and it lacks many fundamental services in the fields of child protection, education, health and justice for children. Adolescent boys and girls are negatively impacted by an inadequate child protection system, lack of implementation of legislation and law enforcement structures, as well as violence that often goes unreported.





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