A fair chance for every child in Kenya
In 2015, Kenya shifted from a low income to a lower-middle-income country. Despite this growing wealth children remain disproportionately represented among the poor and vulnerable, with 41.5 per cent of children living below the poverty line.
The UNICEF 2017 Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Kenya confirms deprivation and inequity. Children in ASALs and informal settlements around major cities are particularly vulnerable. Refugee children face heightened risk of violence, exploitation and abuse. Children with disabilities are denied opportunities or abandoned by their families or other caregivers. Girls continue to lag behind boys in the realization of their basic rights.
UNICEF’s goal on social policy is to ensure a significant reduction in the multiple dimensions of child poverty and decrease inequity.
UNICEF is working with the Government of Kenya to increase the number of children from the poorest and most vulnerable households who benefit from shock-responsive and integrated social protection interventions, as well as child-specific policies.
In 2014 – 2018 UNICEF’s technical and financial support to the government, in collaboration with development partners, strongly contributed to the Hunger Safety Nets Programme, the expansion of Cash Transfers to Orphans and other Vulnerable Children (through the CT-OVC programme), and to people with disabilities and the elderly in the framework of the Inua Jamii national cash transfer programme.
UNICEF pilots innovative CashPlus approaches to ensure multiple impacts of cash transfer programmes, which link beneficiaries to complementary services, such as Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition or the supply of solar devices. UNICEF also generates solid evidence to ensure that innovative Cashplus approaches inform future policies and programme design. Through the design and establishment of Management Information Systems (MIS) and the strengthening of frontline workers, UNICEF applies an integrated systems approach in Social Protection.
In 2014-2018 UNICEF’s technical and financial support to the government, in collaboration with development partners improved capacity, analysis and evidence for enhanced child friendly poverty analysis, planning, budgeting and budget execution both at national and county government levels.
UNICEF in Action, 2014 – 2018
An improved and updated policy and legal framework on social protection composed of a sector review, a national investment plan, and a social protection strategy.
In partnership with the World Food Program (WFP), UNICEF’s analysis of county expenditure led to the adoption of a Universal Social Pension by increasing the coverage of the National Safety Net Program.
UNICEF, jointly with WFP, improved social protection management through the development of a comprehensive single registry.
Two modelled and scaled-up “cash plus” initiatives link cash transfers with health and nutrition services to improve mother and child health outcomes.