Kenya at a Glance

GOK - UNICEF Kenya Country Programme 2014 - 2018



Situation of Children and Adolescents

© UNICEF Kenya


The children of Kenya are growing up in a time of profound political, economic and social transformation. The introduction of devolved governance in 2013, along with increasing urbanization and uneven economic growth, compounded the challenges of historical inequalities and marginalization, persistent internal conflict, cyclical drought and other disasters, adding up to a complex and challenging environment.

Children below 18 years make up 49 per cent of the population of Kenya, and 62 per cent of the population is below 24 years old. Over 75 per cent of children and adolescents experience one or more deprivations of their rights, including limited access to safe water and improved sanitation, education and health and nutrition services.

Children in poor households and those living in the arid and semi-arid lands and in urban informal settlements are the most likely to experience multiple deprivations. Children in the bottom quintile have one eighth the access to improved sanitation, compared to the national average. Over 1 million children are out of school, over 2 million are orphaned and 700,000 children live with a disability.


© UN

Realizing the MDGs

Modest progress has been made towards achievement of Millennium Development Goal 2 (universal primary education) and Goal 6 (combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases). However, major gaps remain with respect to poverty and child malnutrition (Goal 1), gender equality and women’s empowerment (Goal 3), infant mortality (Goal 4) and maternal mortality (Goal 5).



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