Child Survival and Development

Healthy Environment

Safe Motherhood and Neonatal Health

Child Health


Polio Vaccination Campaign, 11 - 15 July 2018

© UNICEFKenya/2014/Lukhovi


What is polio?
Polio is a very serious disease that can paralyze and even cause death. Polio enters the body through water or food that has been contaminated with infected stool. Polio spreads very easily throughout communities. Every child is at risk, for this reason, all children under the age of five years must be vaccinated. There is no cure, but there are safe and effective vaccines to prevent polio.

What are the symptoms of Polio?
Most infected people (90%) have mild or no symptoms that usually go unrecognized. Others may experience fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck and pain in the limbs.

What is the current situation of polio in Kenya?
The Ministry of Health has confirmed existence of Polio virus in the country. Further, a Polio risk analysis done routinely in the country revealed that several counties are at high risk of Polio transmission due to low immunization coverage. This puts everyone in Kenya, especially children, at high risk of getting Polio.

The Ministry of Health and partners have therefore planned emergency Polio response campaign in 12 high risk Counties in order to protect all children under 5 years of age. The strategy to eradicate polio is therefore based on preventing infection by immunizing every child until transmission stops and the world is polio-free.

What are the dates of polio campaign?
A Polio campaign will be conducted from Wednesday 11th July to Sunday 15th July, 2018 in 12 high risk counties namely Nairobi, Kajiado, Kiambu, Kitui, Machakos, Meru, Isiolo, Tana River, Lamu, Garissa, Wajir and Mandera.

Health workers will be moving from house to house to vaccinate all children under the age of five (5) years. Polio vaccine is also available in health facilities. To ensure full protection of the children against polio and stop the spread of polio, we need to ensure children are vaccinated each and every time there is a campaign.

What is environmental surveillance?
The ministry of health routinely collects samples from sewage systems in residential areas for testing for the presence of polio virus. Environmental surveillance is very important in early detection of new polio virus. It helps the Ministry of Health identify areas where individuals infected by the virus, are excreting it in their stool and into the sewage but are not showing any signs of paralysis and risk transmitting the infection to others.

Is the polio vaccine safe?
All vaccines offered by the Ministry of Health are tested, safe, effective and approved by the World Health Organization (WHO). Additionally, all medical supplies and commodities including vaccines that are used in the country must undergo rigorous quality control testing procedures by the Pharmacy and Poisons Board (National Quality Control laboratory). Several doses of the vaccine provide additional protection and boost the immunity of your child without any harm.

Vaccinating all children will protect them and prevent virus circulation in the community. Ensure your child is vaccinated in every campaign, and also make sure your child receives all the scheduled childhood vaccines at the health facility.

IMMUNIZATION SAVES LIVES!                                                                                   



For more information contact:

The Head, Disease Surveillance and Outbreak Response Unit,
Ministry of Health,
P.O. Box 20781 - 00202, Nairobi.
Email:, Website:,
Telephone: 0732353535 or 0729471414



 Email this article

unite for children